In religion, folklore,
and mythology a demon (or daemon,
dæmon, daimon from Greek [ðaïmon])
is a supernatural being that has generally
been described as a malevolent spirit,
and in Christian terms it is generally
understood as a Fallen angel, formerly
of God. A demon is frequently depicted
as a force that may be conjured and
insecurely controlled. The "good"
demon in recent use is largely a literary
device (e.g., Maxwell's demon), though
references to good demons can be found
in Hesiod and Shakespeare. In common
language, to "demonize"
a person means to characterize or
portray them as evil, or as the source
Although frequently regarded
as a malevolent demon of the underworld,
Pazuzu seems also to have played a beneficent
role as a protector against pestilential
winds (and particularly the south-west wind).
Moreover, Pazuzu's association with Lamaštu
led to his employment as a force against
her evil, forcing her back into the Underworld.
Amulets of the demon Pazuzu (or simply of
his head and face) were therefore often
situated in houses or hung about the necks
of pregnant women.
Bronze amulet head of Pazuzu. Neo-Assyrian
period, circa 800-550 BCE. Probably from
Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), northern Iraq. British
Museum ANE 93089
is often depicted as a combination of animal
and human parts. He has the body of a man,
the head of a lion or dog, eagle-like taloned
feet, two pairs of wings, a scorpion's tail,
and a serpentine penis. He is often depicted
with his right hand pointing upward and his
left hand downward. The position of the hands
means respectively life and death (or creation
Amulet of the demon Pazuzu Start of the 1st
millennium BCE Bronze, height: 15 cm, width
8,60 cm, depth 5,60 cm.
Inscription au dos : "Je suis Pazuzu,
fils de Hanpa. Le roi des mauvais esprits
des vents qui sort violemment des montagnes
en faisant rage, c'est moi. Acquisition 1872
Musée du Louvre Département
des Antiquités orientales MNB 467
Richelieu Rez-de-chaussée Mésopotamie
- Syrie du Nord. Assyrie : Til Barsip, Arslan
Tash, Nimrud, Ninive Salle 6, Vitrine 4
the demon in the 1973 film The Exorcist --
At the beginning of the book and film The
Exorcist, when Father Merrin is at the site
of an archaelogical dig in Northern Iraq,
the menacing sculpted figure is Pazuzu, whom
he had battled in an exorcism several years
Scene with Pazuzu from The
When Merrin is later appointed to perform
the exorcism on Regan MacNeil, he suspects
it is Pazuzu that possesses her. There is
a foreboding scene in which Pazuzu recognizes
his old adversary Merrin arriving to perform
an exorcism. The 1977 sequel Exorcist II:
The Heretic, the 1990 The Exorcist III, the
2004 prequel Exorcist: The Beginning, and
the other 2005 prequel Dominion: Prequel to
the Exorcist also involve Pazuzu.
"Pazuzu, Lord of Fevers and Plagues,
Dark Angel of the Four Winds with rotting
genitals from which he howls through sharpened
teeth over stricken cities…."
William S. Burroughs, Cities
of the Red Night
winged demon, feared by the people of ancient
Mesopotamia. It is a creature with a deformed
head, the wings of an eagle, the sharp claws
of a lion on its hands and feet, and the tail
of a scorpion. This demon is the personification
of the south-east storm wind, which brings
diseases. The Mesopotamians believed that
Pazuzu lived in the desert.
The Necronomicon is a fictional grimoire appearing in the stories by horror novelist H. P. Lovecraft and his followers. It was first mentioned in Lovecraft's 1924 short story "The Hound", written in 1922, though its purported author, the "Mad Arab" Abdul Alhazred, had been quoted a year earlier in Lovecraft's "The Nameless City".
There was a possible reference to the book in "The Statement of Randolph Carter" (published in 1920) though it was not called by name.
Among other things, the work contains an account of the Old Ones, their history, and the means for summoning them. Other authors such as August Derleth and Clark Ashton Smith also cited it in their works; Lovecraft approved, believing such common allusions built up "a background of evil verisimilitude." Many readers have believed it to be a real work, with booksellers and librarians receiving many requests for it; pranksters have listed it in rare book catalogues, and a student smuggled a card for it into the Yale University Library's card catalog.
Capitalizing on the notoriety of the fictional volume, real-life publishers have printed many books entitled Necronomicon since Lovecraft's death.
Pazuzu sigil by which he is constrained to come. From the Necronomicon. How Lovecraft conceived the name "Necronomicon" is not clear — Lovecraft said that the title came to him in a dream.
In the past 31 years, there has been a lot of ink - actual and virtual - spilled on the subject of the Necronomicon. Some have derided it as a clumsy hoax; others have praised it as a powerful grimoire. As the decades have passed, more information has come to light both on the book's origins and discovery, and on the information contained within its pages. The Necronomicon has been found to contain formula for spiritual trans-formation, consistent with some of the most ancient mystical processes in the world, processes that were not public knowledge when the book was first published, processes that involve communion with the stars.
In spite of all the controversy, the first edition sold out before it was published. And it has never been out of print since then. This year, the original designer of the 1977 edition and the original editor have joined forces to present a new, deluxe hardcover edition of the most feared, most reviled, and most desired occult book on the planet.
Simon is a student of magic, occultism, and religion since the mid-1960s and the editor of the Necronomicon. Speaking on topics as diverse as religion and politics, occultism and fascism, ceremonial magic, demonolatry, the Tarot, the Qabala, and Asian occult systems, Simon was a frequent lecturer for the famed Warlock Shop in Brooklyn and the Magickal Childe Bookstore in Manhattan. The media events he organized in the 1970s and 1980s - with rock bands, ritual performances, and celebrity appearances - helped to promote the occult renaissance in New York City. For undisclosed reasons his whereabouts have been unknown since 1984.
The Necronomicon is a grimoire Grimoire A grimoire is a textbook of magic. Books of this genre, typically giving instructions for invoking angels or demons, performing divination and gaining magical powers, have circulated throughout Europe since the Middle Ages.... which some consider the best-known version of the fictional Necronomicon Necronomicon The Necronomicon is a fictional book appearing in the stories by horror novelist H. P. Lovecraft and his followers. It was first mentioned in Lovecraft's 1924 short story "The Hound", written in 1922, though its purported author, the "Mad Arab" Abdul Alhazred, had been quoted a year earlier in... . Its authorship is unknown, but Peter Levenda Peter Levenda Peter Levenda is an author, primarily on occult history.He was president of the international division of Ortronics, Inc., a telecommunications company based in Asia and the author of Unholy Alliance: A History of Nazi Involvement With the Occult.... is a widely cited possibility. The title is often simplified to The Simonomicon.
It is called the "Simon Necronomicon" because it is introduced by a man identified only as "Simon". The book is largely based on Sumerian mythology, and its introduction attempts to identify the fictional Great Old One Great Old One A Great Old One is a type of fictional being in the Cthulhu Mythos based in the stories of H. P. Lovecraft. Though Lovecraft created the most famous of these deities, the vast majority of them were created by other writers, many after Lovecraft's death... s (and other creatures introduced in Lovecraft's Mythos Cthulhu Mythos The Cthulhu Mythos is a shared universe created in the 1920s by American horror writer H. P. Lovecraft. The term Lovecraft Mythos is preferred by some — most notably the Lovecraft scholar S.T. Joshi.... ) with gods and demons from Sumeria. The tales presented in the book are a blend of Mesopotamian myths Mesopotamian mythology Mesopotamian mythology is the collective name given to Sumerian, Akkadian, Assyrian, and Babylonian mythologies from parts of the fertile crescent, the land between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in Iraq.... (not only Sumerian, but Akkadian, Babylonian Babylonian mythology Babylonian mythology is a set of stories depicting the activities of Babylonian deities, heroes, and mythological creatures. While these stories are in modern times usually considered a component of Babylonian religion, their purpose was not necessarily religious in nature... and Assyria Assyria Assyria was a civilization centered on the Upper Tigris river, in Mesopotamia , that came to rule regional empires a number of times in history. It was named for its original capital, the ancient city of Assur... n as well), and a storyline of unknown authenticity about a man known as the "Mad Arab."
The book was released in 1977 by Schlangekraft, Inc. in a limited leatherbound edition of 666, which was followed by a clothbound edition of 3333, and (in March 1980) by an Avon Avon (publishers) Avon Publications was an American paperback book and comic book publisher. As of 2007, it exists as an imprint of HarperCollins, publishing primarily romance novels.-History:... paperback Paperback Paperback, softback, or softcover describe and refer to a book by the nature of its binding. The covers of such books are usually made of paper or cardboard, and are usually held together with glue rather than stitches or staples.-Use:... . It has not been out of print since 1980, and had sold 800,000 copies by 2006, making it the most popular version of the Necronomicon to date.
Many practitioners of magic maintain that, no matter what the book's origins, the Simon Necronomicon provides a complete and workable system that can be pursued as a path to personal revelation and growth. Other magic users warn that it is dangerous, and many of the rituals it contains are corrupt or are deliberate traps which should never be attempted. There are a number of documented cases of people claiming to have been cursed by the book's power just as the book itself warns can happen.
Lovecraft was often asked about the veracity of the Necronomicon, and always answered that it was completely his invention. In a letter to Willis Conover, Lovecraft elaborated upon his typical answer: Now about the “terrible and forbidden books” — I am forced to say that most of them are purely imaginary. There never was any Abdul Alhazred or Necronomicon, for I invented these names myself. Robert Bloch devised the idea of Ludvig Prinn and his De Vermis Mysteriis, while the Book of Eibon is an invention of Clark Ashton Smith's. Robert E. Howard is responsible for Friedrich von Junzt and his Unaussprechlichen Kulten.... As for seriously-written books on dark, occult, and supernatural themes — in all truth they don’t amount to much. That is why it’s more fun to invent mythical works like the Necronomicon and Book of Eibon.
Reinforcing the book's fictionalization, the name of the book's supposed author, Abdul Alhazred, is not even a grammatically correct Arabic name.
The name "Abdul" simply means "the worshiper/slave of...". Standing alone, it would make no sense, as Alhazred is not a last name in the Western sense, but a reference to a person's place of birth.
Borger, R. , "Pazuzu", in Rochberg-Halton,
F.(ed.), Language, Literature and History: Philological
and Historical Studies Presented to Erica Reiner,
[American Oriental Series 67], New Haven, 1987,
, "Corrigendum to Language, Literature
and History: Philological and Historical Studies
Presented to Erica Reiner", JAOS 108 (1988),
Green, A. , "A Note on the 'Scorpion-Man'
and Pazuzu", Iraq 47 (1985), pp.75-79.
Heeßel, Nils P. , Pazuzu - archäologische
und philologische Studien zu einem altorientalischen
Dämon, [Ancient Magic and Divination IV,
eds. Abusch, Tz. & Guinan, A.K.], Leiden:
Brill - Styx, 2002. ISBN 900412386 5
Pazuzu: Archaologische Und
Philologische Studien Zu Einem Alt-Orientalischen
Damon (Ancient Magic and Divination) (Ancient
Magic and Divination) by Nils P. Heebel
Buy it Here Now!
The book analyses the Mesopotamian demon
Pazuzu both from an archaeological and a philological
point of view. Based on a catalogue of all
published, as well as some yet unpublished
representations, its iconography, the chronology,
the find spots, and the usage of the objects
are examined. With transcriptions, translations
and commentary on the Pazuzu incantations
and the references to this demon in other
The combination of the archaeological
and philological evidence results in a new
and unexpected picture of Pazuzu.
The Domain of Devils, Author Eric Marple describes the wind demon as the most terrible of all demonic entities, having the power to spread loathsome diseases with his dry fiery breath.
The demon has "for a head the almost fleshless skull of a dog" representing death, disease, and as the fleshless death's head of the desert scavenger, starvation.
William Woods states in his History of the Devil: "… in Mesopotamia the horned demon, Pazuzu, rode on the wind and carried malaria…" thus emphasising the demon's destructive role as "lord of fevers and plagues." Perhaps relating Pazuzu to the devouring dragon, Typhon, "angel of the fatal winds", equated with the disease Typhoid.
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