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Ghosts in the Crystal Ball

The ghost in the crystal ball!

Story by Jessie Turner Clarke, Artwork Lisa Lee Harp Waugh, Photos by Kyle West Grant - Peterson

Lisa Lee Harp Waugh is an American Necromancer She often compared today as being "the modern day Dr. John Dee". He of course was one of the most fascinating characters of the Elizabethan period, just as Waugh is recognized as such in modern times as such. The events of Dee's life are filled with science, experiments, astrology and mathematics which he aligned with magic, the supernatural and alchemy, and so is Waugh's.

Waugh was an accountant and astrologer for many years and took of the Black Art of a Necromancer when she was child growing up lived in the town of Marshall, Texas. "The dead were everywhere," says Waugh. "The would follow me and try to communicate but it was only through real Seances and bone conjuring at first that I accomplished the deed."

Waugh's crystal ball was passed down to her through many generations. It belonged to her fathers mother and her mother respectably. Waugh never saw or even was aware or knew about it until her father's inheritance passed to her. That's when it was retrieved from a bank vault and given to her by the families lawyer. And the first face she saw in it was her fathers as she sat in the office stunned.

From then on Waugh began the learning process to the fine art of "Scrying The Dead".

A few of Waugh's select followers say she is the actual reincarnation of John Dee. Waugh also was an accountant and practices astrology daily, and is very continuously studying the Black Art of Necromancy as she did since childhood. Also see: Lisa Lee Harp Waugh

For many years Waugh worked exclusively with the talented Clair-Olfaction Medium Yvonne Brown. (Brown who now lives in the Coral Gables area of Miami, Florida for her health, Often told Waugh that the crystal ball had different smells as each spirit possessed or passed through it.

Yvonne Brown use to smell ghosts at Lisa Lee Harps Waugh's  Necromantic Rituals in Marshall, Texas

Brown a gifted real God Fearing ghost hunter and medium does not see or hear ghosts, she smells them. Read More On Yvonne Brown here. I Smell Dead People... I mean Ghosts!

Waugh has also worked her Necromantic practice with Gina Lanier in investigating a real Texas haunted prison and hopes to work with Lanier again in the near future. And also with the Great Mickey Of Miami investigating the many Hoodoo Voodoo Practices in the deep south of which waugh is a Texas Voodoo Queen of her own Secret Society.





The True Art Of Scrying The Dead

Lisa Lee Harp Waugh's crystal ball visions seem to defy explanation many say. She does not read for people as psychics or mediums do . Waugh uses hers to see and communicate with real ghosts only.

Scrying for the dead says Waugh can be an auto-deepening trance process that progresses in stages using tools such as a crystal ball, or other medium such as her crystal skull or a large mouthed chalice of black india ink.

Initially, the Ball or Black Ink serves as a focus for the attention, removing unwanted thoughts from the mind in the same way as a mantra. Once this is achieved, the scryer begins a free association with the perceived images suggested, for instance in a crystal ball, by the tiny inclusions, web-like faults and/or the cloudy glow within the ball under low light (i.e. candlelight).

The technique of deliberately looking for and declaring these initial images aloud, however trivial or irrelevant they may seem to the conscious mind, is done with the intent of deepening the trance state, wherein the scryer hears their own disassociated voice affirming what is seen within the concentrated state in a kind of feedback loop.

This process culminates in the achievement of a final and desired end stage in which visual images and dramatic stories seem to be projected within the mind's eye of the scryer, like an inner movie. This overall process reputedly allows the scryer to "see" relevant events or images within the Ball itself.

Scrying has been used for thousands of years by different cultures. Ancient Egypt used scrying in their Initiations. This included water scrying, dream scrying, oil scrying, and mirror scrying. One legend states that the goddess Hathor carried a shield that could reflect back all things in their true light. From this shield she allegedly fashioned the first magic mirror to "see."

Waugh even has gone as far as using a psychomanteum (sometimes spelled as psychomantium, and often called "mirror gazing") is a large or small mirrored room, specially set up to communicate with the spiritual realm.

In her large fifth Ward home in Houston, Texas she has a room where all is mirrored including the floor, ceiling and all the walls and Door. The room has no windows and is 20 x 20 feet. This is a room where Waugh talks to the dead freely and says it is like being inside a crystal ball in real life. Waugh considers her room a therapeutic tool to heal ones deep grief and bring insight for you travel the astral when you go into the rooms trance state.

Waugh enters the room completely nude except with a white hand made lace veil on her head with only a single black sweet smelling black arts candle which she makes by hand. She then lies naked upon the cold slick glass floor and gazes at the dark reflections around her. " This is when after a few moments I enter the real spirit world and they communicate with me."

Lisa Lee Harp Waugh in her psychomanteum.

Lisa Lee Harp Waugh in her Psychomanteum Mirrored Glass Coffin. Oculomancy is a form of scrying where the diviner gazes into the questioners' or their own eyes and reads the reflections something at which Waugh is adept at. Also see: Necromancer Lisa Lee Harp Waugh And: The Psychomanteum "The Glass Spirit Or Ghost Booth" of Lisa Lee Harp Waugh

Sometimes described as an "apparition booth" the psychomanteum dates back to ancient Greece, where a person would gaze into a still pool of water. This silent and steady gazing into a reflective pool would produce apparitions or visions. In 1958, the Classical Greek archaeologist, Sotiris Dakaris found accommodation near the Dodona oracle spoken of by Homer and Herodotus, where supplicants would wait their turn at the oracle in complete darkness. An extensive maze led to a long central apparition hallway where the experience took place. There Dakaris found the remnants of an bronze cauldron ringed with a banister which made it appear that the people who were seeing the apparitions would be gazing at the cauldron.

Catoptromancy (Gk. katoptron, mirror, and manteia, divination), captromancy or enoptromancy, is divination using a mirror.

Pausanias, an ancient Greek traveler, described as follows:

Before the Temple of Ceres at Patras, there was a fountain, separated from the temple by a wall, and there was an oracle, very truthful, not for all events, but for the sick only. The sick person let down a mirror, suspended by a thread till its based touched the surface of the water, having first prayed to the goddess and offered incense. Then looking in the mirror, he saw the presage of death or recovery, according as the face appeared fresh and healthy, or of a ghastly aspect.

Some sources define catoptromancy to refer to divination by predicting events by observing how a poppy flower bud burns on hot coals.

The mirrored room in Waugh's home and spiritual Voodoo Hoodoo Texas home is set up to optimize psychological effects such as a scrying trance. Its key features are low light or near-darkness, flickering light, and a mirror. The dimness represents a form of visual sensory deprivation, a condition helpful to trance induction, the undifferentiated color without horizon producing the Ganzfeld effect, a state of apparent "blindness". The Ganzfeld experiment replicates the conditions of a psychomanteum where a state of trance may be induced by a uniform field of vision. In the way of strobe or flashing light, stimulus is provided by indirect, moving light in the psychomanteum. Flickering black arts candles or lamp of the black arts are sometimes recommended to induce hallucination.

It is supposed the indeterminate depth of the mirror’s darkness allows Waugh's eyes to relax and become unfocussed, a state that reduces alertness. And Waugh uses this room on a daily basis. I allow no one inside this room ever since it's completion, it is my world alone to scry the dead in. My private hell and heaven in one she tells.

"The only daily chore is cleaning up the glass after each session and making sure every thing shines and reflects as it should and that's my own personal purgatory," says Waugh. ' And I am a real clean freak you can ask everyone I know."

A ganzfeld experiment (from German for “entire field”) is a technique used in the field of parapsychology to test individuals for extra-sensory perception (ESP). It uses homogeneous and un-patterned sensory stimulation to produce an effect similar to sensory deprivation.

Parapsychologists such as Dean Radin say that ganzfeld experiments have yielded results that deviate from randomness to a significant degree, and that these results present some of the strongest quantifiable evidence for telepathy to date.

Remote Viewing (RV) is the process by which a person attempts to gather information through paranormal means on a remote target that is hidden from physical view and typically separated from the viewer at some distance, and is a form of extra-sensory perception The room Waugh feels is the best place to practice remote viewing from.

At one time Waugh had a glass mirror Coffin in which she would scry in. but she felt it was not large enough for her needs so in her new home she had the large mirrored room made to her specifications. The Glass Magic Scrying Mirrored Coffin she only uses and takes along with her when she travels to investigation site now a days only.

Waugh also has a room painted black and another room painted white where she practices Ceremonial Necromancy.


You can contact Lisa Lee Harp Waugh directly by email with questions about ghosts or spirits or requests for media interviews or personal appearance request at: onthebaylisa@aol.com or visit her web site ghosthuntersofamerica.com

The Many Visions of Lisa Lee Harp Waugh

One of the best known practitioners of the occult in Texas is of course Lisa Lee Harp Waugh, she is a brilliant Necromantic scholar. She is not only a acountant and mathematician and astronomer, but a master of maps and navigation, and a scholar of alchemy, religion, cipher writing, architecture and science as well. Waugh has a huge collection of books and manuscripts ranging over diverse subjects, but most on her particular area of interest- the occult and Necromancy.

Waugh sees ghost and communicates with them through many methods. The crystal ball and the mirrored room are her favorites. She paints daily what she see on canvas so the visions to her become real.

The face of a real ghos by Lisa Lee Harp Waugh 2008.

Waugh also practices Uromancy, this is a form of divination, by reading the bubbles in urine that form when urinating in a pot or toilet. The above painting was done from this technique. Each day as I urinate I get on my knees and stare into the bowl to see what I see before I flush. I also do this for the many guest that come to my home with their urine. I feel urine gazing is very important and can show you many things even ghosts.

Its origin can be found in medicine, where examination of urine is used as a diagnostic tool. As with many forms of divination, the original basis is extrapolated and exaggerated to the extent that it is said that the urine does not only give indications of a person's health, but also foretells the future.

" I will stare at a bowl or just a metal jigger of urine for hours at a time," Waugh tells. "And even watch it as I flush to see if any changes in the visions move, change or become clearer." The painting Below is called Jigger and was the inspiration for her to star using a jigger to see ghosts in. The image came too her through a crystal ball.


Jigger of Urine

And also Alomancy (from Greek halo, 'salt', and manteia, divination), also called Adromancy, ydromancie, idromancie, and halomancy, is an ancient form of divination. Similar to many other forms of divination, the diviner casts salt crystals into the air and interprets the patterns as it falls to the ground or travels through the air. The diviner can also interpret patterns formed from the residue of a salt solution as it evaporates in the bowl. The exact interpretations are unknown, but it probably follows a similar method to aleuromancy.

Salt itself is often intertwined with luck and some of this ancient tradition can be seen in the superstitions, such as perceived misfortune when the salt cellar is overturned and the custom of throwing salt over the left shoulder for good luck.

She has also been known to gaze at a large bowl of salt for hours as visions appear and sometime pour hot water in it.


Many spirits during Necromantic rituals when they appear often speak of times to come when questioned. Some believe that ghosts and otherworldly beings can step through the fabric of time and space and bring news of the unseen things to come. All the predictions you will read posted here have come to Waugh from actual real spirits or ghost she has contacted through Necromancy. Please visit here to see predictions for the year ahead.

"I am not a psychic nor do I make predictions of future events." "I only post these things that the spirits tell me as a early warning of impending disasters or things people should be aware of." Says Waugh.

"The reason for Necromancy is to question these otherworldly guest for answers." "And I do. "Here I have posted many of their answers to questions I have posed to the future. I do not ask the Spirits for any Personal Answers To Questions ... about Acts of God (Death), Health or Pregnancy. "

Waugh is also experimenting and using a Frank's Box to channel Spirits and some of the actual predictions.

In modern time necromancy is used as a more general term to describe the art (or manipulation) of death, and generally implies a magical connotation. Modern séances, channeling and Spiritualism verge on necromancy when the invoked spirits are asked to reveal future events. Necromancy may also be dressed up as sciomancy, a branch of theurgic magic.

Necromancy is extensively practiced in Quimbanda and is sometimes seen in other African traditions such as voodoo and in santeria, though once a person is possessed by a spirit in the yoruba tradition he cannot rise to a higher spiritual position such as that of a babalawo, but this should not be regarded as a modern tradition, in fact it predates most necromantic practices.

ALSO SEE: Lisa Lee Harp Waugh -- The Great American Texan Necromancer



The faces of the many ghosts Waugh says are diverse in nature. From shiny and bright happy ones to dim dark and evil and frightened ones.

When you see the dead in a crystal ball no matter how seasoned of a scryer you are their are always surprises. It's like watching a horror movie sometimes. Faces pop up out at you and startle you or gross scenes of body parts and organs then a bright happy face jumps in and makes you jump. "Sometimes what I see makes me want to close my eyes but I can't." says Waugh.

The Dead seem to be very strange sometimes in appearance. At others quite normal.

Also See: Necromancy --- Rituals to contact the Spirits

 of Necromancy The Baphomet, adopted symbol of some "Left-Hand Path".

Waugh say if you stare at the Necromantic Hexagram above at the bottom of a bowl of water or urine you will see ghosts also.

Waugh also makes Necromantic Bowls or Metal Jiggers and Shot Glasses with this image hand painted on them by Waugh personally.

Her Necromancy Bowls are very sought after in the Par normal community and several investigators actually take them on ghost hunts with them.

Lisa Lee Harp Waugh is a firm believer in ghost hunting

"The "Green Way!

You personally can contact Lisa Lee Harp Waugh directly by email with questions or requests to by a Necromantic Bowl from her. ( and it's worth every penny.) Also for media interviews or personal appearance request at: onthebaylisa@aol.com or visit her web site ghosthuntersofamerica.com



"Your One Stop Paranormal Resource Center"




Ken is a Demonologist, Spiritual Warfare Counselor, and Catholic faith adviser, as he has over 28 years of research / experience on the topics, with his first experience occurring when he was about seven years old. He is near completion of his book: ”The realm of the Demonic”: A comprehensive guide to the Demonic haunt”, which should be in print by 2009. And will begin a producing an educational documentary as a companion to his book, after the book is completed.


Also See: 20 Questions with Ken Deel here now.

(17 more questions for Demonologist Kenneth Deel)


Kenneth Deel is a Demonologist, Spiritual Warfare Counselor, and Catholic faith adviser, as he has over 28 years of research / experience on the topics, with his first experience occurring when he was about seven years old. He is near completion of his book: ”The realm of the Demonic”: A comprehensive guide to the Demonic haunt”, which should be in print by 2009. And will begin a producing an educational documentary as a companion to his book, after the book is completed.




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Because crystal gazing has been developed by people of various cultures through a long period of time, the term crystal gazing denotes several different forms of a variety of objects, and there are several schools of thought as to the sources of the visions seen in the crystal gazing trance.

Crystal balls have been called Glass Onions, Necro Balls, and glass ice.

Reflective objects or surfaces, such as animal or human blood, india ink, ice or water, were considered a conduit to the spiritual world in ancient times.

Crystal gazing may be used by practitioners -- sometimes called "readers" or "seers" -- for a variety of purposes, including to predict distant or future events, to give character analyses, for fortune telling, or to help a client make choices about current situations and problems.


With respect to the tool or object used to induce the crystal-gazer's trance, this can be achieved with any shiny object, including a crystaline gem stone or a convex mirror -- but in common practice a crystal ball is most often used. The size of ball preferred varies greatly among those who practice crystallomancy. Some gazers use a "palm ball" of a few inches diameter that is held in the hand; others prefer a larger ball mounted on a stand -- although most authors agree that the expense of a very large ball is not always justified by added efficacy. The stereotypical image of a gypsy woman wearing a headscarf and telling fortunes for her clients by means of a very large crystal ball is widely depicted in the media and can be found in hundreds of popular books, advertising pages, and films of the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries, and the pervasiveness of this image may have led to the increased use of fairly large crystal balls by those who can afford them.

Books of instruction in the art of crystal gazing often suggest that the ball used should be perfectly spherical (that is, without a flat bottom) and should be supported in a wooden or metal stand. If made of glass (e.g. lead crystal), it should be free from air bubbles but may be coloured. If carved from natural crystalline stone (such as quartz, beryl, calcite, obsidian, or amethyst, it may display the natural colouring and structure of the mineral from which it was fashioned.

Some authors advise students to place a sigil, seal, or talsimanic emblem beneath a clear sphere, but most do not. Most authors suggest that the work of crystal gazing should be undertaken in a dimly-lit and quiet room, so as to foster visions and more easily allow the onset of a trance state.

As for the origination of the trance visions themselves, some practitioners claim that crystal gazing engenders visionary experiences and preternatural and/or supernatural insight, while others think that the visions arise from the subconscious mind of the crystal gazer. Interestingly, some authors accept both positions as not mutually incompatible.

Scrying (also called crystal gazing, crystal seeing, seeing, or peeping) is a magic practice that involves seeing things supernaturally in a medium, usually for purposes of divination or fortune-telling. The media used are most commonly reflective, translucent, or luminescent substances such as crystals, stones, glass, mirrors, water, fire, or smoke. Scrying has been used in many cultures as a means of divining the past, present, or future. Depending on the culture and practice, the visions that come when one stares into the media are thought to come from God, spirits, the psychic mind, the devil, or the subconscious.

Scrying is actively used by many cultures and belief systems and is not limited to one tradition or ideology. However, like other aspects of divination and parapsychology, it is not supported by mainstream science as a method of predicting the future or otherwise seeing events that are not physically observable.

Nostradamus is believed to have employed a small bowl of water as a scrying aid.

Lisa Lee Harp Waugh has used bowls filled with inda ink.

Lisa Lee Harp Waugh has used bowls filled with everything from India ink, water urine and alcohol. She says she gets stronger visions with each different type of liquid. Also see: Lisa Lee Harp Waugh

Rituals that involve many of the same acts as scrying in ceremonial magic are also preserved in folklore form. A formerly widespread tradition held that young women, gazing into a mirror in a darkened room (often on Hallowe'en) could catch a glimpse of their future husband's face in the mirror — or a skull personifying Death, if their fate was to die before they married.

Another form of the tale, involving the same actions of gazing into a mirror in a darkened room, is used as a supernatural dare in the tale of "Bloody Mary".

Here, the motive is usually to test the adolescent gazers' mettle against a malevolent witch or ghost, in a ritual designed to allow the scryers' easy escape if the visions summoned prove too frightening

The Dr. John Dee Memorial Theater of the Mind research institute founded by the parapsychologist Raymond Moody utilizes crystallomancy to allow people to experience an altered state of consciousness with the intention of invoking apparitions of the dead.

The visions that scryers say they see may come from variations in the medium. If the medium is water (hydromancy), then the visions may come from the color, ebb and flow, or ripples produced by pebbles dropped in a pool. If the medium is a crystal ball, the visions may come from the tiny inclusions, web-like faults, or the cloudy glow within the ball under low light (e.g. candlelight).

One method of scrying using a crystal ball involves a self-induced trance. Initially, the medium serves as a focus for the attention, removing unwanted thoughts from the mind in the same way as a mantra. Once this stage is achieved, the scryer begins a free association with the perceived images suggested. The technique of deliberately looking for and declaring these initial images aloud, however trivial or irrelevant they may seem to the conscious mind, is done with the intent of deepening the trance state, wherein the scryer hears their own disassociated voice affirming what is seen within the concentrated state in a kind of feedback loop. This process culminates in the achievement of a final and desired end stage in which rich visual images and dramatic stories seem to be projected within the medium itself, or directly within the mind's eye of the scryer, like an inner movie. This overall process reputedly allows the scryer to "see" relevant events or images within the crystal ball.


Written by tommy shaw
Lead vocals by tommy shaw

I used to like to walk the straight and narrow line
I used to think that everything was fine
Sometimes Id like to sit and gaze for days through sleepless dreams
All alone and trapped in time
All alone and trapped in time

I wonder what tomorrow has in mind for me
Or am I even in its mind at all
Perhaps Ill get a chance to look ahead and see
Soon as I find myself a crystal ball
Soon as I find myself a crystal ball

Tell me, tell me where Im going
I dont know where Ive been
Tell me, tell me, wont you tell me
And then tell me again
My heart is breaking, my bodys aching
And I dont know where to go
Tell me, tell me, wont you tell me
Ive just got to know

Crystal ball
Theres so many things I need to know
Crystal ball
Theres so many things Ive got to know
Crystal ball

[extra verse used occasionally live]
If you should see me walking
Through your dreams at night
Would you please direct me
Where I ought to be
Ive been looking for a crystal ball
To shed the light
To find a future in me...
To find a future in me...

Crystal ball
Theres so many things I need to know
Crystal ball
Theres so many things Ive got to know
Crystal ball

One should never just buy a crystal ball. To many occultist, mediums and psychics say the ball actually calls or talks to them telling them that it they who should be possessed by them.

If a crystal ball is not happy with you then a vision you will never see in it. So it seems if a Crystal ball is in your destiny it will come to you when the time is right and you will know it to if you just happen to see one calling to you.


Many people try too hard at first when learning to scry. An intense effort to see something can interfere with the process. Relax and allow yourself to be open to the experience. Begin by grounding and centering yourself. Connect with your high self and or spiritual source. Deep breathing can help with this connection. This mirror is protected and set for positive connections only.

You may additionally surround yourself with your own circle of light, call in your angels/guides or use a simple protective method of your choice before beginning.


You might see easily understood images but you may see clouds or colors or symbols. Often it helps to have a pen and paper at hand to keep a quick log of symbols or words and other impressions Though not everyone can maintain focus and take notes . Experiences vary greatly from subtle abstract visuals or energies to complete visions etc. images may appear as though on or in front of the screen or in your mind they my be rough impressions or as clear and detailed as a movie of real event.

Allow your eyes to wander gently upon the surface of the( or skull) ball, ink or mirror and your mind to be receptive. Set an intention for the kind of information you are seeking . 5 - 10 minutes is ample time for your initial scrying practice .

Tips & Warnings
Try to scry only at night. Scrying is considered to be closely connected to the moon and its lunar phases.

Be sure to keep all lights turned off and only see by the light of the flashlight or candle you are using.

Usually done alone, another person may be in the room for a scrying session.

If you need help interpreting images from your scrying sessions, consult reference books on mystical symbols.

Time and patience are necessary for you to become highly accurate at this skill. Allow yourself the chance to grow and develop skill at scrying.

Don't be afraid if you see images that may be alarming to you at first. End the session, engage in a period of rest, meditation and/or prayer, then try again later.

Don't engage in scrying while under the influence of alcohol or drugs. You want to have a clear head and perception fully intact to gain the most accurate messages from these sessions.

If you are absolutely convinced that you have no intuitive or psychic ability at all, chances are you will be unsuccessful at scrying. Try to keep an open mind.


Now more so then in the past people are using crystal skulls to divine with. The crystal skulls are a number of human skull models fashioned from blocks of clear or milky quartz crystal rock, claimed to be pre-Columbian Mesoamerican artifacts by their alleged finders. However, none of the specimens made available for scientific study were authenticated as pre-Columbian in origin, and in the opinion of the contemporary mainstream scientific community they were manufactured in the mid-19th century or later, almost certainly in Europe.

The skulls are often claimed to exhibit paranormal phenomena by some members of the New Age movement, and have often been portrayed as such in fiction. Perhaps the most widely known of such portrayals occurs in Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull, the fourth film of its series, and elsewhere within that franchise. Crystal skulls have been a popular meme appearing in numerous sci-fi television series, novels and video games.

Mitchell-Hedges skull
Perhaps the most famous and enigmatic skull was allegedly discovered in 1924 by Anna Le Guillon Mitchell-Hedges, adopted daughter of British adventurer and popularist author F.A. Mitchell-Hedges.

Anna Hedges claimed that she found the skull buried under a collapsed altar inside a temple in Lubaantun, in British Honduras, now Belize.

As far as can be ascertained, F.A. Mitchell-Hedges himself made no mention of the alleged discovery in any of his writings on Lubaantun. Also, others present at the time of the excavation have not been documented as noting either the skull's discovery or Anna's presence at the dig.[14]

In a 1970 letter, Anna also stated that she was "told by the few remaining Maya, and was used by the high priest to will death".[15] The artifact is sometimes referred to as "The Skull of Doom", either because of its seemingly inexplicable properties and the supposed ill-luck of those who have handled it, or perhaps a play on 'Skull of Dunn' (Dunn being an associate of Mitchell-Hedges). Anna Mitchell-Hedges toured with the skull from 1967 and continued to give interviews about the artifact until her death in 2007.

The skull is made from a block of clear quartz about the size of a small human cranium, measuring some 5 inches (13 cm) high, 7 inches (18 cm) long and 5 inches wide. The lower jaw is detached. In the early 1970s it came under the temporary care of freelance art restorer Frank Dorland, who claimed upon inspecting it that it had been "carved" with total disregard to the natural crystal axes without the use of metal tools. Dorland reported being unable to find any tell-tale scratch marks, except for traces of mechanical grinding on the teeth, and speculated it was first chiseled into rough form, probably using diamonds, and the finer shaping, grinding and polishing achieved through the use of sand over a period of 150 to 300 years. Although various claims have been made over the years regarding the skull's physical properties, such as an allegedly constant temperature of 70°F (21°C), Dorland reported that there was no difference in properties between it and other natural quartz crystals.

While in Dorland's care the skull came to the attention of writer Richard Garvin, at the time working at an advertising agency where he supervised Hewlett-Packard's advertising account. Garvin made arrangements for the skull to be examined at HP's crystal labs at Santa Clara, where it was subjected to several tests. The labs determined only that it was not a composite (as Dorland had supposed), but was fashioned from a single crystal of quartz. The lab test also established that the lower jaw had been fashioned from the same left-handed growing crystal as the rest of the skull. No investigation was made by HP as to its method of manufacture or dating.

The crystal skull of the British Museum first appeared in 1881, in the shop of the Paris antiquarian, Eugène Boban. Its origin was not stated in his catalog of the time. He is said to have tried to sell it to Mexico's national museum as an Aztec artifact, but was unsuccessful. Boban later moved his business to New York City, where the skull was sold at auction, and bought by Tiffany and Co., who later sold it at cost to the British Museum in 1897.

The largest of the three skulls sold by Eugène Boban to Alphonse Pinart (sometimes called the Paris Skull), about 10cm (3.9in) high, has a hole drilled vertically through its center. It is part of a collection held at the Musée du Quai Branly, and was subjected to scientific tests carried out in 2007–08 by France's national Centre de recherche et de restauration des musées de France (Centre for Research and Restoration of the Museums in France, or C2RMF). After a series of analyses carried out over three months, C2RMF engineers concluded that it was "certainly not pre-Columbian, it shows traces of polishing and abrasion by modern tools.

People who believe in the psychic power of crystal skulls claim the skulls are a center of radiant psychic energy and have the power to increase happiness and improve people's lives just by being held, handled and spoken with; others have alleged that crystal skulls can be used as some claim crystal balls can be used, to aid divination. In the 1931 play The Satin Slipper, by Paul Claudel, King Philip II of Spain uses "a death's head made from a single piece of rock crystal," lit by "a ray of the setting sun," to see the defeat of his Armada in its attack on England (day 4, scene 4, pp. 243-44).

Claims of the healing and supernatural powers of crystal skulls have no support in the mainstream scientific community. The scientific community at large has found no evidence of any unusual phenomena associated with the skulls nor any reason for further investigation, other than the confirmation of their provenance and method of manufacture.

Another novel and historically unfounded speculation ties in the legend of the crystal skulls with the completion of the current Maya calendar b'ak'tun-cycle on December 21, 2012, claiming the re-uniting of the thirteen mystical skulls will forestall a catastrophe allegedly predicted or implied by the ending of this calendar. A recent airing of this linkage appeared in a show on the Discovery Channel.


The alleged associations and origins of crystal skull mythology in Native American spiritual lore, as advanced by neoshamanic writers such Jamie Sams, are similarly discounted. Instead, as Philip Jenkins notes, crystal skull mythology may be traced back to the "baroque legends" initially spread by F.A. Mitchell-Hedges, and then afterwards taken up:


By the 1970s, the crystal skulls [had] entered New Age mythology as potent relics of ancient Atlantis, and they even acquired a canonical number: there were exactly thirteen skulls.

None of this would have anything to do with North American Indian matters, if the skulls had not attracted the attention of some of the most active New Age writers.