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OLD HAG/ Incubus/Succubus versus Sleep Paralysis

OLD HAG/ Incubus/Succubus versus Sleep Paralysis


OLD HAG/ Incubus/Succubus versus Sleep Paralysis

By Ken Deel

The term "HAG RIDDEN", comes from this which is what one refers to another as looking “Sleep deprived" would mean that they look like they are exhausted and tired. That was what the victims of this would feel the following day, exhaustion, depending on how long it took place. The HAG, is still called that though many do not see a hag or any entity whatsoever, but when they do it commonly even today fits this description of an OLD HAG.

This Article is on actual 'paranormal encounters' , not debatable cases of
what is medical 'SP'. Please Also See: "Old Hag Syndrome" The Night Terrors


The Nightmare, by Henry Fuseli (1781) is thought to be one of the classic depictions of sleep paralysis perceived as a demonic visitation.

The Nightmare, by Henry Fuseli (1781) is thought to be one of the classic depictions of sleep paralysis perceived as a demonic visitation.

This was copied from the Beaufort County Public Library web site on the subject: (Folklore and the myth is stated here)"When night falls, the hag is free to leave her body (or to shed her skin, depending on who is telling the story) to wander unseen on land, underground or through the air. The hag is invisible, but her presence is warm to the touch, and feels like raw meat.When a hag chooses to ride to her victim’s house, she will choose a horse and almost never a mule. The hag drives the horse nearly to death, and tangles the poor 'beast’s tail into impossible knots. In the morning, the owner finds his horse in a heavy lather, all but crippled from the ghastly ride.What does a hag do when she gets to her victim? She "rides" that person as well! The hag sits on a sleeping person’s chest and face, weighing the sleeper down and meaning to choke or smother her victim. The victims struggle, never fully awake, as the hag "swallows" their voices so that not even the screamers themselves can hear their calls for help. The hag’s flesh is said to have the bounce of rubber whenever her victim strikes out at her in the dark."This is the folklore/legend of one part, the problem with folklore is that it gets distorted from the truth over time, like with the legend of Werewolves, Vampires, it's hard to tell what was the original root of the lore. Much like gossip takes on some new proportions and details as it is passed on. So we will have to try to take from the old what we may see today. The older vampire lore is more similar to the description of the OLD HAG visitations. Originally, it was thought to be a spirit one deceased who would feed off ones ‘life-force’ as they slept. Often the victim would awake in the same way, paralyzed, unable to speak, and they find they have a visitor in a dark sprit which comes to their side from the darkness of the room and them sits on the chest of that victim. Each morning the person would awake more drained of energy and a depletion of health for no reason known. Usually after the 3rd or 4th attack they were found dead that next morning. At times blamed on the restless spirit of a recently deceased relative for example. It was thought that driving a wood steak through the heart of the body through the Coffin base, and into the earth would keep the restless spirit 'pinned down'. No doubt a solution based on superstition. Legends, Lore and superstitions besides, let us look at some more recent testimony from people who have experienced the OLD HAG visitation

John Anster Fitzgerald: The Nightmare, (1857-58), private collection



(Recorded cases of vampire attacks in Eastern Europe sometimes feature Old Hag characteristics. For example, a case cited by both Montague Summers and Dr. Franz Hartmann features, as Summers notes, "typical instances of vampirism" and strongly resembles the Old Hag encounter:
A miller had a healthy servant-boy, who soon after entering his service began to fail. He acquired a ravenous appetite, but nevertheless grew daily more feeble and emaciated. Being interrogated, he at last confessed that a thing which he could no see, but which he could plainly feel, came to him every night about twelve o'clock and settled upon his chest, drawing all the life out of him, so that he became paralyzed for the time being, and neither could move nor cry out. Thereupon the miller agreed to share the bed with the boy, and made him promise that he should give a certain sign when the vampire arrived. This was done, and when the signal was made the miller putting out his hands grasped an invisible but very tangible substance that rested upon the boy's chest. He described it as apparently elliptical in shape, and to the touch feeling like gelatin, properties which suggest an ectoplasmic formation. The thing writhed and fiercely struggled to escape, but he gripped it firmly and threw it on the fire. After that the boy recovered, and there was an end of these visits.

Sleep paralysis is a common condition characterized by transient partial or total paralysis of skeletal muscles and areflexia that occurs upon awakening from sleep or less often while falling asleep. Stimuli such as touch or sound may terminate the episode, which usually has a duration of seconds to minutes. This condition may occur in normal subjects or be associated with narcolepsy, cataplexy, and hypnagogic hallucinations.


Nothing compares to witnessing the attack, of course such accounts of witnesses like the victims spouse and so on are not considered with the ‘white coats’ babble on again how it was all SP and some hallucination.

The Devil Of Sex

When I was a freshman in college, I had just moved into a large apartment in a rehabbed Victorian building that had been vacant for about twenty years following a fire. The sound of the Beatles' Abbey Road album or the Moody Blues could be heard wafting out of our windows day and night. One night during my first week there I went to bed in a fine mood. I should mention that I hadn't been drinking and despite the times, I didn't do drugs. I turned out the light and settled down to go to sleep. As I was lying in bed thinking, I became aware of a rustling sound emanating from the turret . I focused on the sound, trying to determine its origins. A breeze over papers? A mouse? As soon as I dismissed these possibilities the rustling sound stopped and was replaced by the sound of stealthy, shuffling footsteps that were headed in my direction. The sense of a presence was suddenly so strong that it filled the room. I was terrified. The critical detail here is that I clearly remember pulling the blanket over my head (I was lying on my back.) The next thing I knew I was paralyzed--I couldn't move a finger. The footsteps continued their approach and the next thing I knew, a tremendous weight settled on my chest, forcing me into the mattress. I felt that there was a menacing presence, a personality at work that wanted to meddle with me in particular. It was nasty! The intense, dreadful weight continued to press down on me, almost like a large animal settling itself on my body. I thought I would go through the mattress. I knew that I was awake, I was not dreaming, and that something evil was in the room with me. Somehow, my childhood years of Sunday School paid off and I prayed to be released. In that instant, it was over. The following morning, I tried to tell myself that it had been just a dream.To this day, twenty-odd years later, I don't believe I was dreaming.. After that, I slept with the light on and my bedroom door open. Months later, one of my roommates was sick with the flu. Her room was cold so I offered to switch with her until she felt better. That night, she stayed in my room and closed the pocket doors. The rest of us were watching TV. elsewhere in the apartment. A number of friends were there. Sometime after midnight, we heard the doors of my room screech open on their runners and slam into their recesses in the wall. My roommate came screaming down the hall, saying that something had sat on the bed. She felt the bed sag beneath the weight, though in her case, it wasn't on top of her. She also felt and heard something clawing and scraping at the bedspread. After my roommate's experience, we two scaredy-cats decided to share a room and kept the hall light on. Though nothing like that ever happened again, we did have some exciting times with a Ouija board in that apartment. We left that place at the end of the school year and found another old apartment that proved to be just fine. The students who moved into our former place reportedly had problems there, too. Unfortunately, we never compared stories. I should mention that my fascination with the subject of ghosts led to my getting a Masters degree in Folklore at the University of Pennsylvania. While there I studied with Dr. David Hufford, who wrote The Terror That Comes In The Night. I wrote a thesis entitled "The Old Hag Experience Within A Haunted House Tradition." I found people who claimed that more than one member of their family experienced variations of the Old Hag within the same house. They only discovered much later that they had shared similar experiences while living there. I also interviewed two people whose Old Hag attacks precipitated out-of-body experiences. IMHO Old Hag attacks occur, or at least are reported more frequently in settings that are considered "haunted." This may be a case of "Which comes first, the chicken or the egg?" Does a house with a reputation of being haunted encourage someone to interpret the experience as supernatural or does the experience itself promote the house to be called haunted? In poring over collections of both contemporary and past ghost folklore from around the world, I noticed that Old Hag attacks accompany other manifestations with startling frequency. I also found that elements of a typical "Old Hag," like the rustling sound, the sound of footsteps or the percipient suffering temporary paralysis, are elements commonly mentioned by people who report seeing an apparition, even in broad daylight. Hufford's book should be read by anyone interested in the Old Hag. Although riveting to read, it is scholarly and gives medical science its due. No conclusions are drawn. If you do read it, however, you may choose never to sleep on your back again.

Fuseli: L'incubo abbandona il giaciglio di due fanciulle dormienti, 1793, Zurigo, Muraltengut

Fuseli: L'incubo abbandona il giaciglio di due fanciulle dormienti, 1793, Zurigo, Muraltengut

We see Prayers either are an instant cure for SP, or do as they usually do in warding off real ‘night terrors’ that attack one in the night. This also reminds me that those who experienced the OLD HAG are the ones best to analysis and research the phenomenon.


Ben Tabb* is a student at the University of Montana. I met him in Neil Kettlewell's class on ESP. It was late fall of 1985. Ben was sharing an apartment with a buddy out in the Target Range area of Missoula. The deep chill of winter was in the air and the air was filled with wood smoke. On the last Thursday in November, he looked at the clock by his bedside and saw that it was 11:57. He turned over and went to sleep. About a half hour later Ben awoke. Dazed from sleep, he wasn't sure why he had awakened but he felt there was someone in the room with him. He opened his eyes fully, and, in the dim street light that filtered in through the window at the foot of the bed saw something gray and mist like hovering over him. Whatever it was just a foot from his face. Ben felt that it was slowly moving toward him. Afraid of suffocation, he threw his blankets at it. It disappeared as soon as he began moving. Ben turned on the light but found nothing but his thrown blankets. A half-hour had passed since he had last looked at the clock. Two weeks later, on a Wednesday night, Ben again went to bed about midnight. Approximately a half hour later, he again awoke feeling there was a presence in the room. He looked around in the dim light. By the dresser, directly down from the bed, were two small animate objects. As Ben looked at them, they appeared to be children. They seemed to be aware of him, in that they made eye contact, but made no effort to move from where they were. As Ben watched, they simply faded and were gone. Ben saw nothing for two full months after that. But he did begin to awaken in the morning from time to time, conscious, but entirely unable to move. When he did finally move he would be sluggish for the rest of the day. Ben's roommate, having never seen, nor heard, anything in the house, was a little concerned about his friend. Then on a Monday night, Ben retired close to midnight again. About 45 minutes later, Ben awoke to the feeling of a presence in the room. He opened his eyes, and at the corner of the bed stooped an old man with a wrinkled face and a long beard. The man was entirely white and seemed solid. As Ben rose from the bed, the figure retreated to a far corner and seemed to shrink but remained in the room. Ben threw his pillow at the man. It hit the closet. The door to the room suddenly slammed and the figure was gone. Ben's roommate came in to see what had happened. There didn't seem any way the door could have slammed unless Ben had accidentally and unknowingly hit it with such force it bounced against the closet and then slammed shut. But then, Ben wonders, why wasn't the pillow in front of the door. This is like many legends and folklore, most people are too afraid to admit there may be truth in this as a paranormal experience with an actual ‘evil entity’. It’s a fact that most ‘Regular folks’ can't deal with the idea of ghosts in any form and simply dismiss it all as superstitious non-sense. Too easy to say. If you really listen to the people who tell of these experiences. I mean REALLY listen, you will know that the experiences aren't a simple case of "temp. sleep paralysis". Blinded by Science, the ‘white coats’ often never listen to the truth even when it is right before them. Like when Ebenezer Scrooge claiming his ghostly visitor was due to "an undigested piece of chip beef”. Remember the movie "The entity"? Watch it again as this moronic psychiatrist, tries to explain what happens to this women as a mental problem she is having even after he himself sees this entity, and the attacks happening, ignoring her boyfriend who witnessed all. You will see what kind of approach they have against the supernatural. To get a scientist involved to help with something paranormal, is simply worse than hiring an amateur ghost buster to solve your problem. They are even more so in the dark it seems on the reality of it all because of their bias of ‘science only’ and atheistic approach to finding answers.


First note How Ben didn’t awake to find he was paralyzed, it happened after this figure moved over him. Second I agree with the frustration in letting Science and psychologist make one feel like it was all a hallucination or simply SP. It goes to show again, that such things are a matter of the spirit, not a matter of science.


Medical “Sleep paralysis”, (cataleptic somnambulism) I feel is more clearly defined from
what is a demonic attack. First realize this is ALWAYS the scientific explanation for what they used to call an OLD HAG, vampire, Succubus, Incubus visitation.
You must consider the source of the explanation as they are in a ‘humanistic’ ‘atheistic’ theory, from people who believe that everything supernatural in origin is not an intelligent ghost or spirit, but has a natural explanation.

Logically, I thought my first thought if I would wake up paralyzed in bed.

“There’s something evil ion the room, it’s coming out of the darkness, oh! It’s sitting on my chest I can’t breath!”

See the difference?

The Devil of Sleep

Le démon d'homme qui vous baise la nuit

A Testimony related to this:

Frank, 40, awoke late one and was unable to move his body .I cite this example, since it can compare with what a person is thinking, feeling, experiencing as they awake paralyzed. This should NOT stray far from any other persons account of waking up paralysis by any means. His first thought was: "Oh my God, I can't move!" It wasn't a fear of something beyond being paralyzed, he didn't sense an evil presence, hear disembodied footsteps walking towards his bedside, view an OLD HAG, creature, ghost or anything. Such thought were the furthest from his mind. Like all humans the experience had him fearing of things related to being paralyzed, nothing more. He was only focused on the helpless feeling of being disabled, especially since this took him by surprise, as he didn't find out until later after a trip to the hospital , that he had a stroke. He thought of how is he going to work? What about the family? Will he be in a wheel chair the rest of his life? "Will I die next?" All of this in the first 5 minutes.Note how the reaction of waking up simply paralyzed is different, from experiencing the OLD HAG attack.Tell me where one suddenly gets diverted form the thought of being paralyzed to that of a paranormal encounter considered a physical attack?A thing learned here is as an investigator, listen to your witness closely and you can tell if it was ‘medical’ or in fact ‘paranormal.’ It is beyond normal to fabricate a night terror from the thought of being incapacitated the rest of ones life. Science always goes with science, as we know all paranormal can’t be explained with science, we also must refrain from relying upon it for every case of so called Sleep paralysis, and maybe accept the fact the one who experienced this phenomenon could have indeed had a dark visitor that night and not simply SP.The thinking in that persons mind greatly differs from the one who feel there is something paranormal about the whole thing, as opposed to just a stroke or medical condition. Witnesses are insulted, flat out in disbelief as to an explanation of sleep paralysis for the experience. Bottom line if you had it happen to you, you know it was unquestionably more than SP. This apply to all paranormal experience science even goes to say was our imagination, or with multiple witnesses, some mass hallucination.Keep in mind those who didn't actually experience this phenomenon are the ones telling us it is ‘sleep paralysis’. When you have had it happen to yourself, you know Sleep paralysis’ is much harder to believe than a paranormal explanation in something that compares to the stories of the ‘OLD HAG’. As a child, you parents tell you "It was only the wind"; "There are no monsters in your closet", this is when we are children. So as Adults these people of science patronize us like children. We don’t want to do this to Clients.
Another Notable quote:

Cindy A. writes:
Now, years later, after learning more about it, [After my own OLD HAG encounter], I was shocked to discover that science says it’s a brain disorder. How can that be the case when we both experienced the same thing at the same time? When thousands of people from all over the world have actually seen the old hag, and the descriptions are the same. Call me crazy but I disagree. Unfortunately, I have no way to prove my theories, except that I have experienced it first hand, and it is terrifying.

I agree with Cindy a more logical mind would actually go with the OLD HAG not simply being common hallucinations while having a sleep paralysis. and most have never even heard of it before the experience, then find many other share the same experience. Again be leary of 'science alone' when it requires physically proof and validation, this is one reason many consider Parapsychology a pseudo-science.

Hag of Night

This is from an article on Sleep paralysis: (Shadowlands.com)Surprisingly, though, is the consistency of such reports made by societies and cultures with no previous knowledge of each other or their lore.[Such as the ‘OLD HAG’] The main details remain constant. A man or woman is attacked during the night, usually lying on their back, when an evil entity sits upon their body, causes paralysis, and even sometimes chokes or smothers it's victim. Though their motivation may differ, (possession, revenge, or just wanting to upset the living) the attack remains strikingly similar. And these stories are not limited to Western cultures, in fact, quite the contrary. In Thailand people refer to being Phi um (ghost covered) and phi kau (ghost possessed), and these experiences include a feeling of pressure, paralysis, and something black covering the body. In Japan, kanashibara ("to tie with an iron rope") is a common known and accepted experience. In the Far North one speaks of agumangia (Inupik) or ukomiarik (Yupik) in which "a soul" tries to take possession of the paralyzed victim. In Laos, da chor is described as follows: "You want to listen, you can't hear; you want to speak, you are dumb; you want to call out, you cannot; you feel you are dying, dying; you want to run away. You urine with fear in your sleep.

This was from an article I felt leaned to saying all OLD HAG AND night terrors were SP related. Then they go onto say the above statement which should help make one rethink this SP only theory, in that many different culture experience it as more of a paranormal experience or attack.Keep in mind most of us never read about this before the first hand encounter. It’s not so widely shown in movies that one already makes up an image in their mind then experiences it.The encounter is demonic in nature, That suffocation and strangulation is a common attack in the night by a demonic. So see a black shadowy figure do this in the same way, as another witness says the lurking black figure hunched over his paralyzed body, then moved swiftly over him like a crushing weight. Others see the ‘Old Hag’. These same encounters often begin the same way and end with sexual assault. (Succubus/Incubus).This is one reason one should say a protection prayer before bed, and to wear the proper protection symbols and medals on oneself as you sleep. My (undisclosed) encounter was the only time I was physically attacked, later that day I found my Saint Benedict medal had fallen off during the night before I went to bed on the bathroom floor.

La reine de toutes les sorcières de nuit

In Western medieval legend, a succubus (plural succubi) or succuba (plural succubae) is a demon, who takes the form of a beautiful woman to seduce men, especially monks [1] in dreams to have sexual intercourse. They draw energy from the men to sustain themselves, often until the point of exhaustion or death of the victim.

Lillth the creature of the primordial days, created from the same dust as Adam, the Forefather of Mankind, Lilith might have been the ideal mother of the human race, because she predated Eve. Instead, knowing her creation at the same moment as her husband made her equal to him in every way made Lilith haughty and headstrong; when submitting to her husband meant denying her equality, Lilith fled Eden’s marriage bed. Despite this, she would return to tempt the father of man again and again, becoming his demon wife and the first great temptress of the human race.

She is now said to seduce men in their sleep to steal their sperm for her unholy purposes alone. Known as The Queen of All the Night Hags.



In 1973 we bought a small house in a nice section of a small town in western Kentucky. The house wasn't that old—it was built in 1934—and we were only the second owners (we bought it from the second wife of the man who built the house). The things that occurred there happened only occasionally, and different things happened to different members of the family. We were not aware of all of each other's experiences until after we moved, some thirteen years later. My own experience left me shaken for a long time. At approximately two o'clock one morning, I was awakened from a sound sleep. No apparent reason. I had not been dreaming. The bed faced a doorway into the hall, and the door was open. In the doorway I saw a figure dressed in a long robe, possibly with a hood. All I could see, other than the black outline, was a shining glow where a face would be.I was petrified and found myself unable to move. I seemed to be paralyzed. I kept telling myself I had to be dreaming and, if I could just awaken my husband lying next to me, everything would be all right. All I can say is that there was a feeling of extreme evil that seemed to be coming from the figure. After several attempts to speak my husband's name—my voice seemed to be paralyzed, too—I finally croaked out "John." I managed to say my husband's name a second time, and finally a third time. Each time I said "John" the figure became smaller, and it disappeared completely when my husband woke up .I was shaking from head to toe, my paralysis disappearing with the vision. My teeth were chattering so badly that I was unable to speak coherently for many minutes. My husband is a realist and kept trying to find a logical reason for the apparition—the streetlight, headlights, neighbors' lights—but he never could convince me that what I had seen was a normal phenomenon. I used to get peeved at my son Ed because when I went to his room to awaken him for school or work he was never there. Usually I would find him on the couch in the den. About a year after we moved he told me the reason he would never sleep in his own room: he was terrified in there. He had been awakened on many occasions, usually in the early morning hours, with the feeling that someone was in the room, even though he could see no one. During these times he would be paralyzed, unable to move a finger, for many terrifying minutes. On several occasions he was awakened by being lifted bodily from the bed and dropped. He never saw anything. He just had the feeling of a presence in his room, and the only good night's sleep he ever had was on the couch in the den. After hearing this, I began to quiz my other children to see whether, anything had ever happened to them in this house. My son Mike, before I going into the navy, had had the same bedroom that Ed had his experiences in. He told me that on one occasion he was awakened from a sound sleep early in the morning to see a figure at the end of his bed, just I looking at him. He describes it as an old lady in a gown and bathrobe. After several seconds he turned on the lamp by the side of the bed.


A case of a 'black shadowy figure' being the 'NIGHT TERROR

In closing - I have no doubt ‘sleep paralysis’ can happen, but as we began to approach the 21st century I realize they try to explain all ‘Night terrors’ with a bias towards ‘science only/humanism’ as being purely psychological or medical. (As with SP)It is important that we as an investigated team, weigh all possibilities without such BIAS and truly listen to the client/witnesses to determine what truly applies to their specific case. Portions ©2006, 2008 Kenneth Deel, Demonologist Paranormal Task force






I Am Haunted is a social network for those who are interested in the paranormal. Whether your interest is ghosts and haunting's, UFOs, crypto zoology, psychic abilities or anything off the beaten path, you will find thousands of people sharing photos, experiences and friendship.

GhostBreakers consists of present, former and retired Police Officers, with over 50 years of combined investigative experience and accredited investigative education that they are adapting to Paranormal Investigation. They are located in Southern NJ and Eastern PA but do handle investigations in many areas of the East Coast. They also belong to a network of fellow investigative groups and can recommend groups in a persons respective area for swift response. GhostBreakers also understands that many people are reluctant to let strangers into their properties regardless of their haunting experiences. GhostBreakers also helps others by advising them on what they can do to help themselves. If this then proves insufficient, GhostBreakers can then set up a preliminary interview or contact another group for them.




Many spirits during Necromantic rituals when they appear often speak of times to come when questioned. Some believe that ghosts and otherworldly beings can step through the fabric of time and space and bring news of the unseen things to come. All the predictions you will read posted here have come to Waugh from actual real spirits or ghost she has contacted through Necromancy. Please visit here to see predictions for the year ahead.

"I am not a psychic nor do I make predictions of future events." "I only post these things that the spirits tell me as a early warning of impending disasters or things people should be aware of." Says Waugh.

"The reason for Necromancy is to question these otherworldly guest for answers." "And I do. "Here I have posted many of their answers to questions I have posed to the future. I do not ask the Spirits for any Personal Answers To Questions ... about Acts of God (Death), Health or Pregnancy. "

Waugh is also experimenting and using a Frank's Box to channel Spirits and some of the actual predictions.

In modern time necromancy is used as a more general term to describe the art (or manipulation) of death, and generally implies a magical connotation. Modern séances, channeling and Spiritualism verge on necromancy when the invoked spirits are asked to reveal future events. Necromancy may also be dressed up as sciomancy, a branch of theurgic magic.

Necromancy is extensively practiced in Quimbanda and is sometimes seen in other African traditions such as voodoo and in santeria, though once a person is possessed by a spirit in the yoruba tradition he cannot rise to a higher spiritual position such as that of a babalawo, but this should not be regarded as a modern tradition, in fact it predates most necromantic practices.

ALSO SEE: Lisa Lee Harp Waugh -- The Great American Texan Necromancer


ALSO SEE: Demonology ... AND The Lesser Key of Solomon



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Sleep Paralysis

Sorcières de nuit -Night Hags

Sorcières de nuit

Nightmare was the original term for the state later known as waking dream (cf Mary Shelley and Frankenstein's Genesis), and more currently as sleep paralysis, associated with rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. The original definition was codified by Dr Johnson in his A Dictionary of the English Language and was thus understood, among others by Erasmus Darwin and Henry Fuseli, to include a "morbid oppression in the night, resembling the pressure of weight upon the breast."

Such nightmares were widely considered to be the work of demons and more specifically incubi, which were thought to sit on the chests of sleepers. In Old English, the being in question was called a mare or mære (from a proto-Germanic *maron, related to Old High German and Old Norse mara), whence comes the mare part in nightmare.

The mythology of the Sea Island people of South Carolina and Georgia describes the negative figure of the Hag who leaves her physical body at night, and sits on the chest of her victim. The victim usually wakes with a feeling of terror, has difficulty breathing because of a perceived heavy invisible weight on his or her chest, and is unable to move i.e., experiences sleep paralysis. This nightmare experience is described as being "hag ridden" in the Gullah lore. The "Old Hag" was a nightmare spirit in British and also Anglophone North American folklore.

This type of waking dream is called mareridt in Danish, nachtmerrie in Dutch, malson in Catalan, cauchemar in French, mardraum or mareritt in Norwegian, pesadilla in Spanish, Albdruck, Albtraum (from Álf, Old Norse for Elf) or Nachtmahr (older) in German, incubo in Italian, mardröm in Swedish, painajainen in Finnish, luupainaja in Estonian, pesadelo in Portuguese, èmèng in Mandarin, gawi in Korean, karabasan in Turkish , kanashibari in Japanese and bakhtak in Persian.

The Nightmare, Henry Fuseli, 1802 (Frankfurter Goethe-Museum, Frankfurt)Various forms of magic and spiritual possession were also advanced as causes. In nineteenth century Europe, the vagaries of diet were thought to be responsible. For example, in Charles Dickens's A Christmas Carol Ebenezer Scrooge attributes the ghost he sees to "... an undigested bit of beef, a blot of mustard, a crumb of cheese, a fragment of an underdone potatoe...".

A mara, or a mare is a kind of malignant female wraith in Scandinavian folklore believed to cause nightmares. She appears as early as in the Norse Ynglinga saga, but the belief itself is probably even older (see below). "Mara" is the Old Norse, Swedish, Finnish and Icelandic name, "mare" is Norwegian and Danish.

La reine de toutes les sorcières de nuit. Lillith the demon fr om hell!

"Lillith, La reine de toutes les sorcières de nuit."

The mara was thought of as an immaterial being – capable of moving through a keyhole or the opening under a door – who seated herself at the chest of a sleeping person and "rode" him or her, thus causing nightmares. In Norwegian/Danish, the word for nightmare is mareritt/mareridt, meaning "mareride". The Icelandic word martröð has the same meaning, whereas the Swedish mardröm translates as "maredream". The weight of the mara could also result in breathing difficulties or feeling of suffocation (an experience now known as sleep paralysis).

The mara was also believed to "ride" horses, which left them exhausted and covered in sweat by the morning. She could also entangle the hair of the sleeping man or beast, resulting in "marelocks", a belief probably originating as an explanation for polish plait – a hair disease. Even trees could be ridden by the mara, resulting in branches being entangled. The undersized, twisted pine-trees growing on coastal rocks and on wet grounds are known in Sweden as martallar (marepines).

According to a common belief, the free-roaming spirit of sleeping women could become maras, either out of wickedness or as a form of curse. In the latter case, finding out who the cursed person was and repeating "you are a mara" three times was often enough to release her from this condition.

The concept of the mara has very old roots in the folklore of the Germanic peoples, possibly the belief was shaped as early as in proto-Indo-European religion. According to the American Heritage Dictionary, the word can be traced back to an Indo-European root *mer, meaning to rub away or to harm.


Identifying one's dream signs, clues that one is dreaming. Dream signs are often categorized as follows:

Action — The dreamer, another dream character, or a thing does something unusual or impossible in waking life, such as photos in a magazine or newspaper becoming 3-dimensional with full movement.
Context — The place or situation in the dream is strange.
Form — The dreamer, another character, or a thing changes shape, is oddly formed, or transforms. This may include the presence of unusual clothing or hair, or a third person view of the dreamer.
Awareness — A peculiar thought, a strong emotion, an unusual sensation, or altered perceptions. In some cases when moving one's head from side to side, one may notice a strange stuttering or 'strobing' of the image.
Cohesion — Sometimes the dreamer may seem to "teleport" to a completely different location in a dream, with no transition whatsoever.

Nightmare Death Syndrome is recognized as a leading cause of death in young men in Thailand, the Philippines and Japan, but the largest number of such deaths occur in north-east Thailand.

Spanish doctor Pedro Brugada discovered the cause of such deaths in 1986, linking them to an irregular heart beat that causes the chambers of the heart to pump out of sequence, halting blood circulation.

In Thailand, folklore has long held a different cause - widow ghosts. These ghosts are said to snatch the souls of young men when they are asleep.
To avoid nightmare death, some Thai men paint their fingernails red or wear lipstick at night to trick the widow ghosts into believing they are women and not men.



The syndrome is called ''bangungut,'' a Filipino word for ''nightmare,'' and is described in medical literature as ''nightmare death syndrome.

The Devil Baby  of New Orleans


The Night Hag is almost certainly linked to the common apparition seen during the hypnagogic state of sleep. The night-hag of Russian, Polish, Serbian, and Slovak folklore. She torments children at night. In some regions, the mothers place a knife in the cradle or draw a circle around it with a knife.

Hiding an ax or a doll under the floor beneath the cradle also prevents her from getting at the child (possible based on the belief that supernatural beings cannot touch iron). Other names for the hag include kriksy and plaksy. Her Bulgarian equivalent is the gorska makva, a hideous wood-hag.
Lindemans, Micha (2004).

Also See: Does Recurrent Isolated Sleep Paralysis Involve More than Cognitive Neurosciences? By Jean-Christophe Terrillonand Sirley Marques Bonham The phenomenon of sleep paralysis has attracted increasing attention in the scientific community only in recent years, even though the occurrence of what may be described as sleep paralysis has been documented as early as Hellenistic times. At a fundamental level, the term "Isolated Sleep Paralysis" .

Sleep paralysis is a common condition characterized by transient partial or total paralysis of skeletal muscles and areflexia that occurs upon awakening from sleep or less often while falling asleep. Stimuli such as touch or sound may terminate the episode, which usually has a duration of seconds to minutes. This condition may occur in normal subjects or be associated with narcolepsy, cataplexy, and hypnagogic hallucinations.

Physiologically, it is closely related to the paralysis that occurs as a natural part of REM (rapid eye movement) sleep, which is known as REM atonia. Sleep paralysis occurs when the brain awakes from a REM state, but the bodily paralysis persists. This leaves the person fully conscious, but unable to move. In addition, the state may be accompanied by terrifying hallucinations.

Symptoms of sleep paralysis can be either one of the following or a combination:

Paralysis: this occurs after waking up or shortly before falling asleep. the person cannot move any body part, cannot speak, and only has minimal control over blinking and breathing. This paralysis is the same paralysis that occurs when dreaming. The brain paralyzes the muscles to prevent possible injury during dreams, as some body parts may move during dreaming. If the person wakes up suddenly, the brain may still think that it is dreaming, and sustains the paralysis.

Hallucinations: Images or speaking that appear during the paralysis. The person may think that someone is standing beside them or they may hear strange sounds. These may be dreamlike, possibly causing the person to think that they are still dreaming. Often it is reported as feeling a weight on one's chest, as if being underneath a person or heavy object.

These symptoms can last from mere seconds to several minutes (although they can feel like much longer) and can be frightening to the person. There may be some body movement, but it is very unlikely and hard for a person to accomplish.

Lilith is a female Mesopotamian night demon believed to harm male children. In Isaiah 34:14, Lilith (Hebrew Lilit) is a kind of night-demon or animal, translated as onokentauros; in the Septuagint, as lamia; "witch" by Hieronymus of Cardia; and as screech owl in the King James Version of the Bible. In the Talmud and Midrash, Lilith appears as a night demon. She is often identified as the first wife of Adam and sometimes thought to be the mother of all incubi and succubi, a legend that arose in the Middle Ages. Lilith is also sometimes considered to be the paramour of Satan.

Also See: Lillith

Lilith is a female Mesopotamian night demon believed to harm male children. In Isaiah 34:14, Lilith (Hebrew Lilit) is a kind of night-demon or animal, translated as onokentauros; in the Septuagint, as lamia; "witch" by Hieronymus of Cardia; and as screech owl in the King James Version of the Bible. In the Talmud and Midrash, Lilith appears as a night demon. She is often identified as the first wife of Adam and sometimes thought to be the mother of all incubi and succubi, a legend that arose in the Middle Ages. Lilith is also sometimes considered to be the paramour of Satan. And Queen of Succubus. It is said that as she brings a man to orgasam she sufficates him as she steals his sperm to produce and bear more demons. Necromancer Lisa Lee Harp Waugh says she is the mother and the orignal hag of the night.

Sleep paralysis occurs during REM sleep, thus preventing the body from manifesting movements made in the subject's dreams. Very little is known about the physiology of sleep paralysis. However, some have suggested that it may be linked to post-synaptic inhibition of motor neurons in the pons region of the brain.[citation needed] In particular, low levels of melatonin may stop the depolarization current in the nerves, which prevents the stimulation of the muscles, to prevent the body from enacting the dream activity (e.g. preventing a sleeper from flailing his legs when dreaming about running).

Several studies have concluded that many or most people will experience sleep paralysis at least once or twice in their lives.

Many people who commonly enter sleep paralysis also suffer from narcolepsy. In African-Americans, panic disorder occurs with sleep paralysis more frequently than in Caucasians. Some reports read that various factors increase the likelihood of both paralysis and hallucinations. These include:

Sleeping in a face upwards or supine position

Irregular sleeping schedules; naps, sleeping in, sleep deprivation
Increased stress

Sudden environmental/lifestyle changes
A lucid dream that immediately precedes the episode.

In African American culture, isolated sleep paralysis is commonly referred to as "the devil riding your back"

In the Cambodian, Laotian and Thai culture, sleep paralysis is referred to as "pee umm" and "khmout sukkhot". It describes an event where the person is sleeping and dreams that ghostly figure(s) are either holding him/her down or the ghosts can just be near. The person usually thinks that they are awake but is unable to move or make any noises. This is not to be confused with "pee khao" and "khmout jool" which refers to a ghost possession.

In Hmong culture, sleep paralysis describes an experience called "dab tsog" or "crushing demon" from the compound phrase "dab" (demon) and "tsog" (crush). Often the sufferer claims to be able to see a tiny figure, no larger than a child, sitting on his or her chest. What is alarming is that a vast number of American Hmong, mainly males, have died in their sleep prompting the Centers for Disease Control to create the term "Sudden Unexpected Nocturnal Death Syndrome" or "SUNDS" for short.

In Vietnamese culture, sleep paralysis is referred to as "ma de", meaning "held down by a ghost". Many people in this culture believe that a ghost has entered one's body, causing the paralyzed state.

In Japanese culture, sleep paralysis is referred to as kanashibari ( literally "bound or fastened in metal," from kane "metal" and shibaru" to bind, to tie, to fasten"). This term is occasionally used by English speaking authors to refer to the phenomenon both in academic papers and in pop psych literature.
In Hungarian folk culture sleep paralysis is called "lidércnyomás" ("lidérc pressing") and can be attributed to a number of supernatural entities like "lidérc" (wraith), "boszorkány" (witch), "tündér" (fairy) or "ördögszereto" (demon lover). The word "boszorkány" itself stems from the Turkish root "bas-", meaning "to press".

In Iceland folk culture sleep paralysis is generally called having a "Mara". Mara is an old Icelandic word for a mare but has taken on the meaning for a sort of a devil that sits on ones chest at night, trying to suffocate the victim.

Kurdish people call this phenomenon a "mottaka", they believe that some one, in a form of a ghost or perhaps an evil spirit, turns up on top the of the person in the middle of the night and suffocates him/her. Apparently this happens usually when some one has done something bad.

In New Guinea, people refer to this phenomenon as "Suk Ninmyo", believed to originate from sacred trees that use human essence to sustain its life. The trees are said to feed on human essence during night as to not disturb the human's daily life, but sometimes people wake unnaturally during the feeding, resulting in the paralysis.

In Turkish culture, sleep paralysis is often referred to as "karabasan" ("The dark presser/assailer"). It is believed to be a creature which attacks people in their sleep, pressing on their chest and stealing their breath.

In Mexico, it's believed that sleep paralysis is in fact the spirit of a dead person getting on the person and impeding movement, calling this "se me subió el muerto" (the dead person got on me).

In many parts of the Southern United States, the phenomenon is known as a "hag", and the event is said to often be a sign of an approaching tragedy or accident. In New Orleans The Voodoo's Call It entering the Voodoo gates of Guinee.

Voodoo Hoodoo Dream Paralysis

Secret Voodoo Cemetery Gates Of Guinee, The Mysterious Portal To The Afterworld--Ginalanier.com

Secret Voodoo Cemetery Gates Of Guinee, The Mysterious Portal To The Afterworld

Ghede' is a very wise man for his knowledge is an accumulation of the knowledge of all the deceased. He stands on the center of all the roads that lead to Guinee, the afterworld. To find these mysterious gates in the city of New Orleans might take a little detective work. Some Locals say if their open when you find them... beware! If you then enter you will never return to the real world.

The exact location of the haunted cemetery gates isn't really ever told to outsiders of the Secret Societies. Sometimes the gates come and find you while you sleep. They will haunt you in your bed and hold you there tight as if nailed in an invisable coffin.

New Orleans Tour Guides and Haunted Cemetery or ghost tours will skirt around the issue, or just look at you like they don't know what your talking about, so never mention it (seriously). They say just to talk about the accursed cemetery gates spells doom to those that ask or search for it or speak of it openly to anyone. Those who know feel it is inviting them , "The Ghede" to take you away. Only someone pure of heart with only one burning question to be answered by the dead is ever told the whole truth. A unnamed New Orleans Voodoo priestess says quite bluntly, search and you shall find them rusted shut, or worse they will certainly find you and be wide and opened.

To find these gates, they say is to find the way to communicate openly with the dead. And not just the spirits of those that have died in New Orleans. Local Voodoo followers of Marie Laveaus' Secret Society profess that anyone can come to these gates of Guinee if you can find them.

Speak the name of the deceased you wish to speak to aloud five times through the bars, and they will come and speak to you from the other side. One real warning though, if the rusted shut heavy gate opens do not enter. For you will be one of the living trapped in the world of the dead forever. If you arrive and the Guinee gates are open turn and walk away crossing yourself three times as fast as you can and don't look back.

In New Orleans voodoo-religion, Guinee is the legendary place of origin and abode of the voodoo gods. It is here that the souls of the deceased go after their death. On their way to Guinee, they first have to pass the eternal crossroads which is guarded by Ghede.

" Although one is pure of thoughts and in heart, searches for the gates of the truly dead. You never know when the November winds blow, If the cursed gates are searching for you too.""If you enter the gates backwards you might have a small chance, to flee with your life all intact. But if your motives are untrue then the living death calls your name , then there is nothing you can do."

... Attributed to Madame Marie Laveau, 1800's New Orleans

Ogun Oru is a traditional explanation for nocturnal disturbances among the Yoruba of Southwest Nigeria; ogun oru (nocturnal warefare) involves an acute night-time disturbance that is culturally attributed to demonic infiltration of the body and psyche during dreaming. Ogun oru is characterized by its occurrence, a female preponderance, the perception of an underlying feud between the sufferer's earthly spouse and a ;spiritual' spouse, and the event of bewitchment through eating while dreaming.

The condition is believed to be treatable through Christian prayers or elaborate traditional rituals designed to exorcise the imbibed demonic elements.

In Zimbabwean Shona culture the word Madzikirira is used to refer something really pressing one down. This mostly refers to the spiritual world in which some spirit--especially an evil one--tries to use its victim for some evil purpose. The people believe that witches can only be people of close relations to be effective, and hence a witches often try to use one's spirit to bewitch one's relatives.

In Ethiopian culture the word Dukak is used. Dukak is believed to be some form of evil spirit that possesses people during their sleep. This experience is also believed to be related to use of Khat. Most Khat users experience sleep paralysis when quitting after a long time of use.

In Ireland it is also known as just "the hag." The expression originates from reports of an old woman that was believed to be seen near the sufferer during paralysis.

Several studies have shown that African-Americans may be predisposed to isolated sleep paralysis also known as "the witch is riding you," or "the haint is riding you."In addition, other studies have shown that African-Americans who have frequent episodes of isolated sleep paralysis, i.e., reporting having one or more sleep paralysis episodes per month coined as "sleep paralysis disorder," were predisposed to having panic attacks. This finding has been replicated by other independent researchers.

In Pakistani culture, it is an encounter with evil jinns and demons. It is also assumed that it is due to the black magic performed by enemies and jealous persons. Curses could also result in ghoul haunting a person. Some homes and loactions are also haunted by these satanic beings.

The range of alleged "paranormal" experiences that this condition may explain--from alien abductions to ghosts sightings--is truly vast.

In Western medieval legend, a succubus (plural succubi) or succuba (plural succubae) is a demon, who takes the form of a beautiful woman to seduce men, especially monks in dreams to have sexual intercourse. They draw energy from the men to sustain themselves, often until the point of exhaustion or death of the victim.

According to the Malleus Maleficarum, or "Witches' Hammer", published against the recommendation of the Catholic Church in 1487 and officially banned in 1490, succubi would collect semen from the men they slept with, which incubi would then use to impregnate women thus explaining how demons could apparently sire children in spite of the traditional belief that demons were incapable of reproduction through generative or gestative means. Children so begotten were supposed to be those that were born deformed, or more susceptible to supernatural influences.

From the 16th century, the carving of a succubus on the outside of an inn indicated that the establishment also operated as a brothel.

The word "succubus" comes from an alteration of the Late Latin succuba meaning "strumpet". The word itself is derived from the Latin prefix "sub-" which means "below, underneath", and the verb "cubo" which means "I lie". So a succubus is someone who lies under another person, whereas an incubus (Latin "in-" in this case stands for "on top") is someone who lies on top of another person.

The appearance of succubi varies, but in general they are depicted as alluring women with great beauty, often with demonic batlike wings, and large breasts; they also have other demonic features, such as horns and cloven feet. Occasionally they appear as an attractive woman in dreams that the victim cannot seem to get off his mind. They lure males and in some cases, the male has seemed to fall "in love" with her. Even out of the dream she will not leave his mind. She will remain there slowly draining energy from him until death by exhaustion. Other sources say the demon will steal the male's soul through the act of intercourse.

Le démon d'homme qui vous baise la nuit!

In Western medieval legend, an incubus (plural incubi) is a demon in male form supposed to lie upon sleepers, especially women, in order to have sexual intercourse with them. It was believed to do this in order to spawn other incubi. The incubus drains energy from the woman on whom it performs sexual intercourse in order to sustain itself, and some sources indicate that it may be identified by its unnaturally cold penis. Religious tradition holds that repeated intercourse with such a spirit by either males or females (the female version of the incubus is called a succubus) may result in the deterioration of health, or even death.

A number of mundane explanations have been offered for the origin of the incubus legends. They involve the Medieval preoccupation with sin, especially sexual sins of women. Victims may have been experiencing waking dreams or sleep paralysis. Also, nocturnal arousal, orgasm or nocturnal emission could be explained by the idea of creatures causing an otherwise guilt-producing and self-conscious behavior.

Démon qui baise.

Purported victims of incubi could have been the victims of sexual assault by a real person.

Rapists may have attributed the rapes of sleeping women to demons in order to escape punishment. A friend or relative may have assaulted the victim in her sleep. The victims and, in some cases the clergy, may have found it easier to explain the attack as supernatural rather than confront the idea that the attack came from someone in a position of trust.

Lisa Lee Harp Waugh

Lisa Lee Harp Waugh Of the American Ghost Hunter Society. States that Incubi and Succubi of today from her personal research with Necromancy has afforded her the knowledge that Succubi do attack woman enticing them to become lesbians and Incubi attack men to become homosexual.

Old Hag in the Night!

She also states that Female demons and Succubus are more cunning then their counterparts the Incubus. Succubi have a desire to produce more demons. Incubi to torture their victims sexually.

This she says was found out during an actual Necromantic ritual. Visit Lisa Lee Harp Waugh's Web Site The American Ghost Hunter Society here.




Celebrity Psychic NANCY BRADLEY

Celebrity Psychic NANCY BRADLEY















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