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Brad and Sherry Steiger

Please Visit his Official Web Site ~ edwardshanahan.com

Conscious Channeler Edward Shanahan



Fort Necessity National Battlefield Ghost

Fort Necessity National Battlefield, located near Farmington, Pennsylvania, commemorates the first military engagement of the French and Indian War (known as the Seven Years' War outside of the United States). Established by an act of Congress in 1931, the park consists of three separate sections totaling about 900 acres (4 km²). Here, George Washington commanded almost 400 troops in a failed early attempt to thwart French colonial expansion. What became known as the Battle of the Great Meadows which was fought on July 3, 1754, sparked a long struggle between British and French colonial interests in North America. It is also the location of George Washington's only military surrender.

Colonial troops commanded by Colonel George Washington, then 22 years old, were defeated here in the opening battle of the French and Indian War on July 3, 1754. The park includes the nearby monument to Major General Edward Braddock and the early 19th-century Mount Washington Tavern and Jumonville Glen, site of the first skirmishing of the French and Indian War, May 28, 1754.

The battle at Fort Necessity in the summer of 1754 was the opening action of the French and Indian War. This war was a clash of British, French and American Indian cultures. It ended with the removal of French power from North America. The stage was set for the American Revolution.

Built in an open clearing surrounded by dense hardwood forest, the fort was a circular palisade constructed primarily of white oak. Crude and simplistic, the fort centerpiece was a 10 by 14 foot (3 by 4 m) shed surrounded by a 7 to 8 foot (2 to 2.5 m) tall palisade fence that was 53 feet (16 m) in diameter. Earthworks were built outside the main stockade in a diamond shape and two streams run in between the earthworks and the palisade. The project took the men five days to complete.

Fort Necessity Ghost Photo Sent to us from Guy Krause.

After the failed attempt to build and secure a fort at the "Forks of the Ohio" (present day location of Pittsburgh) in January 1754, colonial Governor Dinwiddie of Virginia sent 22 year old Lt. Colonel George Washington to build a roadway through the forest that would allow greater numbers of troops and equipment to enter the region. After completing the road in May 1754, Washington and his party scouted out an area which was known as the great meadows and decided that this would be a good choice for an encampment. Told by Indian guides that an advance party of French soldiers was nearby, Washington and approximately 40 of the colonials set out to locate them. On the morning of May 28, 1754, Washington's party encountered a small group of French troops, under the leadership of Joseph Coulon de Villiers, Sieur de Jumonville. In the Battle of Jumonville Glen, 10 French soldiers were killed and 21, including Jumonville, who was wounded, were captured. It has never been determined who initiated the first shots, but what has become known as the Jumonville affair, has been credited as the commencement of the French and Indian War, or as it is known in Europe, the Seven Years' War.

After returning to the great meadows, Washington decided it prudent to reinforce his position. Supposedly named by Washington as Fort Necessity or Fort of Necessity, the crude palisade they erected was hoped to be at least temporarily sufficient to protect their position. By June 12, 1754, Washington had under his command 293 colonials and nominal command of 100 additional regular British army troops from South Carolina. Washington spent the remainder of June 1754 fortifying his position and extending the wilderness road further towards the forks of the Ohio.

On July 3, 1754, in the Battle of the Great Meadows, 600 French troops led by Capt. Louis Coulon de Villiers, the brother of Jumonville, along with 100 Indians, attacked the fort. Throughout the day, heavy rain swamped the low lying fort making the use of firearms difficult and ruining much of the gunpowder and provisions. Late in the day, seeing that their position was untenable, Washington accepted a truce which allowed the peaceful withdrawal of his forces which he completed on July 4, 1754. The French subsequently occupied the fort and then burned it.

Visitor Center at Fort Necessity National Battlefield.Attempts to preserve the location of the fort were undertaken and on March 4, 1931, Congress declared the location a National Battlefield Site under management of the War Department. Transferred to the National Park Service in 1933, the park was redesignated a National Battlefield on August 10, 1961. As with all historic sites administered by the National Park Service, the battlefield was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966. Subsequent archeological research helped to uncover the majority of the original fort position, shape and design. A replica of the fort was completed in the 1970's. A new visitor center, which also is home to a National Road interpretive center opened on October 8, 2005. A new road was added called privet avenue due to lack of traffic.

While the South Carolinians remained at the Great Meadows. Washington and his Virginians spent most of June opening a road from Fort Necessity to Gist's Plantation, a frontier settlement in the direction of the forks of the Ohio. Reports that a large force of French and Indians was advancing from Fort Duquesne, however, caused him to withdraw his men to the Great Meadows, where they arrived July 1.

The Ghost of Fort Necessity sent to us by Kelly Oddo.

The next day, they strengthened Fort Necessity by improving the trenches outside the stockade. On the morning of July 3, a force of about 600 French and 100 Indians approached the fort. After the French took up positions in the woods, Washington withdrew his men to the entrenchments. Rain fell throughout the day, flooding the marshy ground. Both sides suffered casualties, but the British losses were greater than French and Indian losses.

Some of our Text Courtesy of National Park Service

Fort Necessity Moument ghost srnt to us from Alan Marks.

Ghost of the Battlefield

Reports continue to come in of paranormal occurrences including the sound of ghostly musket shots and voices giving commands to unseen ghostly troops. Many have heard ghost whispers in an Indian, British or French tongue.

Fort Necessity National Battlefield Park is located off the National Road, US 40, in Farmington, Pennsylvania.

The battle at Fort Necessity in July of 1754 was the first major battle of the French and Indian War. For more information about the battle, see the official Fort Necessity National Battlefield website.

The reconstructed fort at the park is at the site of the original fort. The fort is circular shaped and is fifty-three feet in diameter. The palisades in the reconstructed fort are in the exact same location as the original fort's stockade posts. Phantom musket fire and the scalp-haloo of Indians at night where George Washington's first defeat took place in 1754.

Legend has it that Fort Necessity is haunted. Park rangers and visitors have heard muskets firing, as well as unexplained footsteps in the visitor center.

A variety of talks, tours, and demonstrations are available in the summer. Get a complete schedule of daily activities at the visitor center. Follow the short paved path from the visitor center to the Great Meadow and Fort Necessity, where the French & Indian War began. Plan 1 1/2 - 2 hours to see the historic sites in the main unit of the park. Add an hour to visit Braddock's grave and Jumonville Glen.

Operating Hours & Seasons

Fort Necessity NB
1 Washington Parkway
Farmington, PA 15437

Phone Headquarters
(724) 329-5512

Fort Necessity/National Road Interpretive and Education Center
(724) 329-5811

(724) 329-8682



Though the battles have long ago ended and the sound of cannons and muskets is but a distant memory, there are some souls who are still waiting for the call to “Retreat” – and for them, it may never come!

Make plans to visit a Haunted Battlefield today!