An abnormal, persistent fear of Halloween
Life is full
of frightening things that scares the be-jilly's
out of some folks. Though most are able to
not panic and cope with these personal fears.
But during the moth of October the creepy
factor is always on the rise. No matter where
you go their or always reminders that start
the fear factor rising.
the clinical meaning of the term) are the
most common form of anxiety disorders. An
American study by the National Institute of
Mental Health (NIMH) found that between 8.7%
and 18.1% of Americans suffer from phobias.
Samhainophobia and Phasmophobia is categorized
by a series of symptoms that the sufferer
experiences when they think they have seen
a ghost, or apparition. The suffer usually
experiences intense feelings of terror or
dread and are often prone to panic or have
panic attacks, these symptoms in turn result
in an increased or rapid heart-beat. Another
common symptom, typical of a majority of specific
phobia, is attempts by affected individuals
to completely avoid a situation in which one
may think they are prone to encountering what
they perceive as a ghost.
its origins in the ancient Celtic festival
known as Samhain from the Old Irish samain
. The festival of Samhain is a celebration
of the end of the harvest season in Gaelic
culture, and is sometimes regarded as the
"Celtic New Year". Traditionally,
the festival was a time used by the ancient
pagans to take stock of supplies and slaughter
livestock for winter stores. The ancient Gaels
believed that on October 31, now known as
Halloween, the boundary between the alive
and the deceased dissolved, and the dead become
dangerous for the living by causing problems
such as sickness or damaged crops. The festivals
would frequently involve bonfires, into which
bones of slaughtered livestock were thrown.
Costumes and masks were also worn at the festivals
in an attempt to mimic the evil spirits or
Halloween phobias can be traced back to a
specific triggering event, usually a traumatic
experience at an early age. Social phobias
and agoraphobia have more complex causes that
are not entirely known at this time. It is
believed that heredity, genetics, and brain
chemistry combine with life-experiences to
play a major role in the development of anxiety
disorders, phobias and panic attacks just
by the mention of the word.
skeletons and the ghostly chill of the grave
in the air. This usually spells for some a
reason to jump under the bed and hide until
Thanksgiving day. just the cartoon images
or host of horror movies that start showing
on TV October 1st are enough to make some
have symptoms of a panic disorder. More people
than you would expect experience types of
Halloween time or trick or treat social anxiety.
travel and the intensity of this special day
have jumped in the past few years. The factor
that it is still becoming as almost as important
as Christmas seems to put some on edge. Mansy
say that the "Devil's Holiday" while
rival Christmas day and turn into a week long
or month long time to revel in darkness. Specific
phobias - fear of a single specific panic
trigger such as spiders, snakes, death, the
dead, dogs, night, blood, ghosts, haunted
houses, scary movies, etc. Couple this with
Ephebiphobia - fear or dislike of youth or
adolescents. And Xenophobia - fear or dislike
of strangers or the unknown, sometimes used
to describe nationalistic political beliefs
and movements such as in an election year
and OH-Oh it's time to hide until it's over!
or Hallowe’en, is an international holiday
celebrated on October 31. Halloween activities
include trick-or-treating, ghost tours, bonfires,
costume parties, visiting haunted attractions,
carving jack-o'-lanterns, reading scary stories
and watching horror movies. Irish immigrants
carried versions of the tradition to North
America in the nineteenth century. Other western
countries embraced the holiday in the late
twentieth century. Halloween is celebrated
in several countries of the Western world,
most commonly in the United States, Canada,
Ireland, Puerto Rico, Japan, New Zealand,
United Kingdom and occasionally in parts of
Australia. In Sweden the All Saints' official
holiday takes place on the first Saturday
pumpkin, lit by a candle inside, is one of
Halloween's most prominent symbols in America,
and is commonly called a jack-o'-lantern.
Originating in Europe, these lanterns were
first carved from a turnip or rutabaga. Believing
that the head was the most powerful part of
the body containing the spirit and the knowledge,
the Celts used the "head" of the
vegetable to frighten off any superstitions.
The name jack-o'-lantern can be traced back
to the Irish legend of Stingy Jack, a greedy,
gambling, hard-drinking old farmer. He tricked
the devil into climbing a tree and trapped
him by carving a cross into the tree trunk.
In revenge, the devil placed a curse on Jack,
condemning him to forever wander the earth
at night with the only light he had: a candle
inside of a hollowed turnip. The carving of
pumpkins is associated with Halloween in North
America, where pumpkins were readily available
and much larger, making them easier to carve
than turnips. Many families that celebrate
Halloween carve a pumpkin into a frightening
or comical face and place it on their home's
doorstep after dark. In America the tradition
of carving pumpkins is known to have preceded
the Great Famine period of Irish immigration.
The carved pumpkin was originally associated
with harvest time in general in America and
did not become specifically associated with
Halloween until the mid-to-late 19th century.
The imagery surrounding Halloween is largely
an amalgamation of the Halloween season itself,
nearly a century of work from American filmmakers
and graphic artists, and a rather commercialized
take on the dark and mysterious. Halloween
imagery tends to involve death, magic, or
mythical monsters. Traditional characters
include ghosts, ghouls, witches, owls, crows,
vultures, pumpkin-men, black cats, spiders,
goblins, zombies, mummies, skeletons, and
Particularly in America, symbolism is inspired
by classic horror films, which contain fictional
figures like Frankenstein's monster and The
Mummy. Elements of the autumn season, such
as pumpkins and scarecrows, are also prevalent.
Homes are often decorated with these types
of symbols around Halloween. Due to the nature
of the condition, sufferers are not necessarily
afraid of halloween itself, consider into
the mix ghosts or other apparitions but rather
what they perceive to be a ghost, or to enter
into a situation in which they feel they are
likely to encounter a ghost. For example,
a sufferer of cynophobia (an abnormal fear
of dogs) is afraid specifically of canines,
rather than a situation in which they could
encounter a canine. The fear itself is also
prone to inflame itself, in that due to the
onset of panic caused by the phobia, a suffer
is severely impaired in terms of judgment,
therefore when a sufferer sees or experiences
what they think could be a ghost, their ability
of rational thinking is eliminated and so
the urge to find the true nature of the experience
is lost and instead a fully fledged panic
attack is often triggered.
THE REAL FEAR
OF THE DEAD AND THINGS THAT GO BUMP IN THE
Necrophobia- Fear of death
or dead things. Or death anxiety os a very
real problem to some. Necrophobia or thanatophobia
is the fear of death or dead things (e.g.,
corpses) as well as things associated with
death (e.g., coffins). Necrophobia is derived
from Greek nekros for "corpse" and
-phob- for "fear". Thanatophobia
is derived from Thanatos, the personification
Samhain is one of the eight annual festivals,
often referred to as 'Sabbats', observed as
part of the Wiccan Wheel of the Year. It is
considered by most Wiccans to be the most
important of the four 'greater Sabbats'. It
is generally observed on October 31st in the
Northern Hemisphere, starting at sundown.
Samhain is considered by some Wiccans as a
time to celebrate the lives of those who have
passed on, and it often involves paying respect
to ancestors, family members, elders of the
faith, friends, pets and other loved ones
who have died. In some rituals the spirits
of the departed are invited to attend the
festivities. It is seen as a festival of darkness,
which is balanced at the opposite point of
the wheel by the spring festival of Beltane,
which Wiccans celebrate as a festival of light
Phasmophobia (or spectrophobia) is a type
of specific phobia, being an abnormal and
persistent fear of ghosts, spectres or phantasms.
It derives from the greek words "phasma"
meaining "apparition" and "phobos"
meaning "fear". It is often bought
about by experiences in early childhood and
causes sufferers to experience panic attacks.
Spectrophobia (from Latin: spectrum, "image")
or eisoptrophobia is a morbid fear of mirrors
and the dread of seeing one's own reflection,
a kind of specific phobia.
Phasmophobia is similar to other specific
phobia in that it is the result of the unconscious
mind acting a defence mechanism to try and
avoid a certain situation or object and is
thus classified as a type of mental health
disorder. It is often bought about by a person
believing they have had an encounter with
a ghost, most often at an early age, but can
also be caused by television and films. When
bought about by the latter it is often temporary.
Therefore, although the actual existence of
ghosts is debated, the fear of ghosts only
requires a person to believe they have had
an encounter. For example, in an attempt to
recall certain events pertaining to a possible
encounter with a specter, a hypnotist might
use hypnosis to retrieve the lost memories
of the event. Research studies have found
that these "hypnotically refreshed"
memories typically combine fact with fiction,
but would convince a patient of the realness
of their encounter. There is also the psychological
factor of entering a premises in which one
already possess prior information that it
is suspected as being haunted or is similar
to other supposedly haunted places, the psychological
impact of this alone can cause the anxiety
bought about by phasmophobia.
Fear of the dark: The fear of the dark is
a common fear among children and to a varying
degree is observed for adults. The pathological
fear of the dark is sometimes called nyctophobia
, "night" and, phobia), scotophobia,
from - "darkness", or lygophobia,
from - "twilight".
The fear of the dark is heightened by imagination:
a stuffed toy may appear a monster with many
teeth, bulging eyes, and eating marshmallows
in the dark. Nightmares contribute to the
fear of the dark as well: after waking up
because of nightmare the child may refuse
to go to bed without lights on. Fear of dark
is a phase of child development. Most observers
report that fear of the dark seldom appears
before the age of 2 years. Fear of the dark
is not fear of the absence of light, but fear
of possible or imagined dangers concealed
by the darkness.
Some researchers, beginning with Sigmund
Freud consider the fear of the dark as a manifestation
of separation anxiety.
In the 1960s scientists conducted experiments
to discover molecules responsible for memory.
In one experiment rats, normally nocturnal
animals, were conditioned to fear the dark
and a substance, called scotophobin that was
apparently responsible for remembering this
fear was extracted from rats' brains. Subsequently
these findings were debunked.
Fear of children: Fear of children and/or
infants or childhood is alternately called
pedophobia or pediaphobia. Other age-focused
fears are ephebiphobia and gerontophobia.
Recognized outcomes of pedophobia include
paternalism, adultism, and by extension, ageism.
Fear of being buried alive: Fear of being
buried alive is the fear of being placed in
a grave while still alive as a result of being
incorrectly pronounced dead. The abnormal,
psychopathological version of this fear is
referred to as taphophobia (from Greek taphos,
meaning "grave"), which is translated
as "fear of graves.
Fear of bats: Fear of bats, sometimes called
chiroptophobia (an incorrect derivation from
the order Chiroptera of bats) may refer both
to a specific phobia associated with bats
and to common negative stereotypes and fear
of bats stemming from prejudices and misinformation.
Not all bat phobias are caused by misinformation
or prejudice, however. Bites from rabid bats
or other negative experiences could also cause
Fear of being touched: The fear of being
touched (also known as aphephobia, haphephobia,
haphophobia, hapnophobia, haptephobia, and
haptophobia ) is a rare specific phobia that
involves the fear of touching or of being
touched. It is an acute exaggeration of the
normal tendencies to protect one's personal
space, expressed as a fear of contamination
or of the invasion, and extending even to
people whom its sufferers know well.
Sometimes the fear is restricted specifically,
or predominantly, to being touched by people
of the opposite sex. In women, this is often
associated with a fear of sexual assault.
Dorais reports that many boys who have been
the victims of sexual abuse have a fear of
being touched, quoting one victim who describes
being touched as something that "burns
like fire", causing him to freeze up
or to lash out.
As the month of October draws to it's end
and the day of the dead is near. Remember
their or those that fear the night of All
Hallows eve. And that person might be you
I will have
to scream now......
I haven't had a cycle in over three years,
Guess what I got for Halloween? You got it!
My head is killing me, my back is killing
me, and I'm pissed off! Now I am really scared!
What a trick or treat!
Lee Harp Waugh
The first lady of conjuring the Dead. The
ancient art of Necromancy is still alive today
with Waugh at it's main investigator. LISA
LEE HARP WAUGH Is a necromancer in the 21st
century. www.ghosthuntersofamerica.com. Waugh
is not a witch though she has studied the
occult she has never claimed to be a bone
conjurer or a wiccan. Waugh has been featured
on several paranormal programs that are nationwide
on the radio and worldwide on the Internet.
And also in many printed publications worldwide.
She is also considered a authority on Hauntings
and ghosts motives for such.
Ghost Hunters Society is currently accepting
new members all across the country for our
network of ghost hunters, ghost writers and
all types of Paranormal and Unexplained Phenomena
through Research and Documentation
LISA LEE HARP WAUGH, Founder Of The Ghost
Hunters Of America is a America necromancer
in the 21st century. She is by what may call
a real conduit to the world of the dead. She
dressers in ceremonial white robes, draws
magical circle and triangles s on the floor
and commands spirits from Heaven, Hell and
all places in between to appear before her
and communicate with the living. As a teenager
growing up in Marshall, Texas she studied
heavily The Black Arts by Richard Cavendish
and The Grand Grimoire, the Malleus Maleficarum
and anything she could get her hands on by
the great by Eliphas Levi, John Dee and the
great beast, Aleister Crowley.
to ghosts and listens to what they have to
say. She questions them and records their
answers. Astoundingly many of the predictions
these spooks and specters and shades of the
night tell her seem to be very accurate. You
can read them here New SPIRIT AND REAL GHOST
PREDICTIONS FOR 2008! The ghosts and spirits
she questions often give her very accurate
info on things to come. Nightly Waugh retires
to her Necromantic chamber to converse with
the many apparitions she calls forth. She
also experiments at times with a Franks' Box.
She also has stated may times that today's
ghosts hunters do not take enough precautions.
She believes that many ghost hunting groups
and paranormal investigators fall to the way
side because their lives are infested with
ghosts that seek their destruction for their
Waugh says most ghosts are not evil but their
or thousands who are and most ghost hunters
are not capable of dealing with these types
of actual hauntings.
Ghosts love to talk tell their stories and
in Waugh's opinion like to be interviewed
and love to expound on the afterlife. The
ghosts that come in and out of my home tell
me many tales. How they died, and how they
survive the afterlife. " I have spoken
to ghosts that want to move on, and those
that want just to be noticed." Waugh
"Ghost have predicted many things to
me from great changes in the world to personal
things in my own life." "The percentage
of what they tell me mostly will come to pass."
But remember says Waugh" Some Ghosts
" Do" Lie!"
AMERICAN GHOST HUNTERS SOCIETY
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Gina Lanier has been a special featured guest
many times on several paranormal programs
that are nationwide on the radio and worldwide
on the Internet. Lanier hunts ghosts or do
they hunt her. Lanier has worked on many cases
over the years from people who have strange
encounters of the paranormal kind. Sex with
ghosts haunted teddy bears, Dolls Lanier investigates
Lanier welcomes your questions and will be
glad to help you with your haunted encounters
and problems. Please use the link below to
visit her web site and learn more.
Often called the Ghost Hunter's, Ghost Hunter,
Lanier strives to uncover the truth! Known
to many as the Best and most knowledgeable
ghost hunter in the field today, Lanier continues
to explore many areas of the Paranormal that
many others fear to tread.
Lanier's investigations have been the focus
of many Paranormal Radio Shows and as a Paranormal
consultant to those that seek her valuable
advice and reasoning.
Lanier has in her own words; "Met with
the devil eye to eye." And has had many
personal paranormal encounters that would
send the most salted Ghost Hunter packing.
Her personal Stories of Ghosts and demons
is enough to send a chill down anyone's spine.
Lanier is also considered to be the most
accessible real paranormal investigator or
ghost hunter in the world.
Author of 49 books about history, hauntings
and the unexplained in America for Whitechapel
Press and Barnes & Noble Press respectively.
He is the founder and president of the “American
Ghost Society”, a national network of
ghost hunters that collects stories of ghost
sightings and haunted houses and uses investigative
techniques to track down evidence of the supernatural.
Taylor was born on September 24, 1966 in
Decatur, Illinois, a Midwestern city that
is steeped in legend and lore. Even the hospital
in which he was born is allegedly haunted
by a phantom nun! He grew up fascinated with
“things that go bump in the night”,
as well as the writings of haunted travel
writer Richard Winer and legendary ghost hunter,
Harry Price. In school, Taylor was well-known
for his interest in the paranormal and often
took friends on informal ghost tours of haunted
places all over downstate Illinois. He would
later turn this interest into his full-time
In 1989, Taylor started working in a bookstore
and a few years later, he wrote his first
book on ghosts. It was called Haunted Decatur
and delved into the ghosts and hauntings of
the city where he grew up. He also created
a tour that took guests to places that he
had written about in the book. The book became
an immediate success and its popularity, along
with his previous experiences with ghost hunting,
established Taylor as an authority on the
supernatural. The book and tour led to media
and public appearances and numerous requests
to investigate ghostly phenomena.
In 1996, Taylor organized a group of ghost
enthusiasts into an investigation team and
the American Ghost Society was launched, gained
over 600 members in the years that followed.
The organization continues today as one of
America’s largest and most honored research
In 1998, Taylor moved his operations, which
now included the American Ghost Society, a
history and hauntings bookstore and a publishing
company called Whitechapel Press, to Alton,
Illinois, near St. Louis. In Alton, Taylor
started his second tour company, Alton Hauntings,
which took guests to local haunted places
in the small Mississippi River town. He would
go on to put the place on the map as “one
of the most haunted small towns in America.”
Please Visit Troy Taylor's Official Website
over 30 years of paranormal research and ghost
investigations Patti has captured many anomalies
in photos, videos and audios while investigating
haunted locations. Her goal as an experienced
and accomplished paranormal investigator is
to collect evidence to support the premise
that life goes on even after death. She is
very active as a ghost researcher, author,
lecturer, consultant, dowser, and teacher.
Ghost Hunter Certification Home Study Course
is in great demand and she has students from
all over the world enrolled. She is currently
lecturing at numerous universities, colleges,
and libraries throughout the United States.
Colleges and universities Student Activity
Directors can book Patti by contacting Wolfman
work has been documented in numerous newspapers
and magazines including the Atlanta Journal-Constitution,
the Philadelphia Inquirer, Oracle 20/20, Ghost
Magazine and Southern Distinction.
2006 Patti Starr was voted as one of the Top
Ten Ghost Hunter Paranormal Investigators
in America for 2007, 2008 and again for 2009
by votes at Haunted America Tours.
is a frequent guest on television and radio
programs. She has been featured on national
TV such as A&E “Paranormal State”
filmed at a haunted residence, A&E “Airline”
filmed in Birmingham, AL, at the haunted Sloss
Furnaces and a film clip of that investigation
was featured on the Montel Williams Show.
She was also featured on the Food Network
“The Best of Fright Food” filmed
at the haunted Talbott Tavern in Bardstown,
is currently working on an event, ScareFest,
which will be held at the Lexington Center
on September 12, 13, 14, 2008. It is
herald as is one of the biggest "Horror
and Paranormal" conventions to be held
in the Southeast. It will feature many
stars and celebrities from the horror and
is now writing for the Lexington Herald-Leader
online newspaper under the heading “Ask
the Expert”. It is a forum for posing
questions to certain professionals. Questions
and answers are published for information
and discussion purposes only. Lexington Herald-Leader
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