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Brad and Sherry Steiger


Please Visit his Official Web Site ~ edwardshanahan.com

Conscious Channeler Edward Shanahan





 

DEBUNKING THE SCEPTICS?

Most people are a little sceptical about things they have not studied.

Note Spelling Sceptic: scep·tic, scep·ti·cal, scep·ti·cism
chiefly British variant of SKEPTIC, SKEPTICAL, SKEPTICISM

T.Stokes paranormal studies lecturer copyright © 2006

ARTWORK RICARDO PUSTANIO © 2006

Even believers in paranormal subjects can be sceptical, of those extremists who are trapped in closed minded sceptisism.

The limitations of knowledge.

I see myself as a skeptical believer, maybe even an extreme moderate!

A friend who is also an expert on these things and a Rabbi, said:

“when a man believes in nothing, he can believe in anything”

It is only by direct contact we develop the confidence to obtain the knowledge which lifts us out from this ignorance.

But remember there is a fundamental difference between genuine healthy skepticism, and the entrenched denialism of cranks like James Randi who refuse to listen or

be open minded on any aspect, and twist data to prove their point.

Some years ago a man would heckle me at all my paranormal talks,

After one meeting I asked him if he himself had ever seen a ghost,

he smirkingly replied that he had not,

I then said; ”how can you not believe in ghosts,

If you have never even seen one “ ?

Surely you should suspend judgement.

Herbert Mankusa described these material people as;

“one dimensional beings, people expressing their identities and feelings only through the acquisition of mass produced objects”

It is this shallowness of view that underpins scepticism,

For scepticism is allied to atheism, materialism and communism.

The sceptical apostle of pessimism Schopenhauer said;

“to sleep is good, to die is better, but to never be born at all that is the answer “

in other words, life had no deep purpose or meaning.

The biggest cause of depression is this belief that our lives have no meaning.

Greek skeptics criticized the Stoics, accusing them of dogmatism. For the skeptics, the logical mode of argument was untenable, as it relied on propositions which could not be said to be either true or false without relying on further propositions. This was the regress argument, whereby every proposition must rely on other propositions in order to maintain its validity. In addition, the skeptics argued that two propositions could not rely on each other, as this would create a circular argument (as p implies q and q implies p). For the skeptics such logic was thus an inadequate measure of truth which could create as many problems as it claimed to have solved. Truth was not, however, necessarily unobtainable, but rather an idea which did not yet exist in a pure form. Although skepticism was accused of denying the possibility of truth, in actual fact it appears to have mainly been a critical school which merely claimed that logicians had not discovered truth.

The biggest cause of depression is this belief that our lives have no meaning.

One major problem is that of psychology, where experts tell us that an obsessive interest with anything is a sign of psychosis, and scepticism is an obsessive belief system and a religion to many people, alcoholics and foodies, clothes fanatics, football obsessives and religious followers, we are all told are mentally ill.

To beleive it or not! Empirical skepticism, An empirical skeptic is one who refuses to accept certain kinds of claims without subjecting them to a systematic investigation. For many empirical skeptics, this process is akin to the scientific method. This does not mean that the empirical skeptic is necessarily a scientist who conducts live experiments (though this may be the case), but that the skeptic generally accepts claims that are in his/her view likely to be true based on testable hypotheses and critical thinking.

The big question is where do we draw the line between belief and non-belief?

Some believe too easily and some not at all, there seems to be a sliding rule here,

Where many people who claim to be sceptical on paranormal subjects, alternative medicine and U.F.O’s find they CAN believe that Jesus was born in a stable to a virgin, there are 3 people in one God, but that he was also a man, who could do miracles, yet he ended up on the cross, and it was all for us, and a priest can change a piece of bread and wine into the body and blood of this God which we then disgustingly, must eat.

The old testament is even more extreme.

Another belief is that this God wants children to be sexually mutilated, in the circumcision rites, if God did not want the end on little boys willies he would not have put it there, female circumcision is just barbarism.

Yet God is a kind just God to some, and a vengeful jealous God to others.

So we need to be continually aware and respect the beliefs of others.

Let me end on the words of Epictetus.

“Remember that you are an actor in a drama of such a part that it may please the master to assign you for you a long time or as little as he may choose, and if he wills you to take the part of a poor man or a cripple or a ruler or private citizen, then may you act that part with grace, for to act well the part that is allotted to us, that indeed is ours to do, but to choose is another’s”.

So even if the part to be played is that of believer or sceptic, we must respect our neighbor, even if we do not agree with their views.

T. Stokes paranormal studies lecturer copyright 2006

Also read THE COFFIN STACK BY T. STOKES

Skeptic: In ordinary usage, skepticism or scepticism (Greek: skeptomai, to look about, to consider) refers to

an attitude of doubt or a disposition to incredulity either in general or toward a particular object, the doctrine that true knowledge or knowledge in a particular area is uncertain, or the method of suspended judgment, systematic doubt, or criticism that is characteristic of skeptics (Merriam–Webster).
In philosophy, skepticism refers more specifically to any one of several propositions. These include propositions about the limitations of knowledge,
a method of obtaining knowledge through systematic doubt and continual testing, the arbitrariness, relativity, or subjectivity of moral values,
a method of intellectual caution and suspended judgment,
a lack of confidence in positive motives for human conduct or positive outcomes for human enterprises, that is, cynicism and pessimism (Keeton, 1962).


In classical philosophy, skepticism refers to the teachings and the traits of the Skeptikoi, a school of philosophers of whom it was said that they "asserted nothing but only opined" (Liddell and Scott). In this sense, philosophical skepticism, or pyrrhonism, is the philosophical position that one should avoid the postulation of final truths. Turned on itself, skepticism would deny that it is infallibly certain that skepticism is the only basic perspective.

In religion, skepticism refers to "doubt concerning basic religious principles (as immortality, providence, and revelation)" (Merriam–Webster).

The word skepticism can characterize a position on a single claim, but in scholastic circles more frequently describes a lasting mindset and an approach to accepting or rejecting new information. Individuals who proclaim to have a skeptical outlook are frequently called skeptics, often without regard to whether it is philosophical skepticism or empirical skepticism that they profess.

definition of sceptic
... definition of sceptic...
www.brainydictionary.com/words/sc/sceptic216112.html
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Skeptic : The Skeptics Society & Skeptic magazine
The Skeptics Society is a scientific and educational organization of scholars, scientists, historians, magicians, professors and ... www.skeptic.com/

The Skeptic's Dictionary
A Collection of Strange Beliefs, Amusing Deceptions, and Dangerous Delusions
skepdic.com/homepage.html

An empirical skeptic is one who refuses to accept certain kinds of claims without subjecting them to a systematic investigation. For many empirical skeptics, this process is akin to the scientific method. This does not mean that the empirical skeptic is necessarily a scientist who conducts live experiments (though this may be the case), but that the skeptic generally accepts claims that are in his/her view likely to be true based on testable hypotheses and critical thinking.

Most empirical skeptics do not profess philosophical skepticism. Whereas a philosophical skeptic may deny the very existence of knowledge, an empirical skeptic merely seeks likely proof before accepting that knowledge.

Skeptic News
Tracks new information on various skeptical web pages.

http://www.skepticnews.com/

Scientific skepticism
Scientific skepticism is a branch of empirical skepticism that addresses scientific claims. Common topics in scientifically skeptical literature include health claims surrounding certain foods, procedures, and medicines, such as homeopathy, Reiki, Thought Field Therapy (TFT), vertebral subluxations; the plausibility of supernatural entities (such as ghosts, poltergeists, angels, and gods); as well as the existence of ESP/telekinesis, psychic powers, and telepathy; topics in cryptozoology, Bigfoot, the Loch Ness monster, UFOs, crop circles, astrology, repressed memories, creationism, dowsing, conspiracy theories, and other claims the skeptic sees as unlikely to be true on scientific grounds.


Religious skepticism
Religious skepticism is skepticism regarding faith-based claims. Religious skeptics may focus on the core tenets of religions, such as the existence of divine beings, or reports of earthly miracles. A religious skeptic is not necessarily an atheist or agnostic.


Activist skepticism

Activist skeptics, self-described "debunkers" are a subset of empirical skeptics who aim to expose in public what they see as the truth behind specific extraordinary claims. Debunkers may publish books, air TV programs, create websites, or use other means to advocate their message. In some cases they may challenge claimants outright or even stage elaborate hoaxes to prove their point.

Because debunkers often attack popular ideas, many are not strangers to controversy. Critics of debunkers sometimes accuse them of robbing others of hope. Debunkers frequently reply that it is the claimant, whom they many times accuse of exploiting public gullibility, who is guilty of abuse.

Habitual debunkers, especially those who intentionally rely on pseudoscience masquerading as empirical skepticism, are sometimes called pseudoskeptics or pathological skeptics.

Skeptic's Annotated Bible
The King James Version of the Bible presented from a skeptic's point of view.

http://www.skepticsannotatedbible.com/

Skepticism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
An empirical skeptic is one who refuses to accept certain kinds of claims without subjecting them to a systematic investigation. For many empirical skeptics ...

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skeptic

UFO Skeptic
An information site on the UFO phenomenon by and for professional scientists.

http://www.ufoskeptic.org/

Australian Skeptics Home Page
The Australian Skeptics Inc. is a group that investigates the paranormal and pseudo-science from a...

http://www.skeptics.com.au/