Bigfoot, also known as Sasquatch,
is an alleged apelike animal said to inhabit remote forests
in North America, with many of the sightings occurring in the
Pacific northwest of the United States and British Columbia,
Canada. Bigfoot is sometimes described as a large, hairy bipedal
hominoid, and many believe that this animal, or its close relatives,
may be found around the world under different regional names,
such as the Yeti of Tibet and Nepal.
Matthew Whitton and Rick Dyer
or on the run, the Georgia men who claimed to have found a Bigfoot
body, were being sought by Tom Biscardi, whose money they absconded
with once the frozen "corpse" was revealed to be a
hunter: Georgia find is a hoax - A Northwest Bigfoot researcher
is adding his voice to the growing chorus denouncing this week's
claim by two Georgia men that they have found an actual Bigfoot
corpse and stuffed it in a freezer. Cliff Barackman of Portland,
who started researching Bigfoot 15 years ago, says the pair's
claims and "evidence" are nothing more than an elaborate
hoax. -- katu.com
Despite the dubious photo and
the commercial interests of the alleged discoverers, the Bigfoot
claim drew interest from Australia to Europe and even The New
Biscardi said the DNA samples may not have
been taken correctly and may have been contaminated, and that
he would proceed with an autopsy of the alleged Bigfoot remains,
currently in a freezer at an undisclosed location.
Watch video footage of today's 'Bigfoot' Press Conference in
which Matt Whitton recounts how he and Rick Dyer supposedly
found the elusive ape-man in a remote forest in northern Georgia.
Tom Biscardi also makes a brief appearance.
want to believe that Bigfoot Body is real." "Everyone
knowns Already, I do beleieve in Ghosts." "I don't
think this will turn out to be a fraud or a hoax." "If
it is how far behind the Lie is the real Truth."
... Lisa Lee
Harp Waugh, The Great American Necromancer
And Best Bigfoot stories of the Decade"
Whitton, a Clayton County, Georgia
police officer and Dyer, a former corrections officer, will
hold a press conference Friday August 15th in conjunction with
renowned Bigfoot researcher Tom Biscardi. The pair will announce
preliminary results of DNA testing on the Bigfoot body at the
press conference. An initial picture of the Bigfoot body can
be seen here. This photograph has not been authenticated by
the Whitton team but more photographs will be released Friday.
Gimlin Bigfoot Encounter
As Patterson and Gimlin were allegedly the only human witnesses
to their brief encounter with a Sasquatch, theirs are the only
testimonies available in studying the account. Their statements
agree in general, but Long notes a number of inconsistencies.
In an article in Argosy magazine, Ivan T. Sanderson gave the
time of the encounter as 3:30 p.m., which differed from 1:30
p.m. time in other articles and in interviews by Patterson and
Gimlin. They offered somewhat different sequences in describing
how they and the horses reacted upon seeing the creature. Patterson
in particular increased his estimates of the creature’s
size in subsequent retellings of encounter (Long, 162 - 165).
In a different context, Long notes, these discrepancies would
probably be considered minor, but given the extraordinary claims
made by Patterson and Gimlin, any apparent disagreements in
perception or memory are worth noting. (On the other hand, if
it was a hoax, much effort was invested in it and a great reward
was in the offing; it wasn't a spur-of-the-moment affair. Thus,
it could be argued, with so much at stake and so much time to
prepare, hoaxers would have "gotten their stories straight"
on such basic details.)
In the early afternoon of October
20, Patterson and Gimlin were at Bluff Creek. Both were on horseback
when they "came to an overturned tree with a large root
system at a turn in the creek, almost as high as a room"
(Gimlin, quoted in Perez, 9). When they rounded it they spotted
the figure behind it nearly simultaneously, while it was “crouching
beside the creek to their left” (Krantz, 85). Gimlin later
described himself as in a mild state of shock after first seeing
Patterson estimated he was about
25 feet away from the creature at his closest. Patterson said
that his horse reared upon seeing (or perhaps smelling) the
figure, and he spent about twenty seconds extricating himself
from the saddle and getting his camera from a saddlebag before
he could run toward the figure while operating his camera. He
yelled "Cover me" to Gimlin, who thereupon crossed
the creek on horseback, rode forward awhile, and, rifle in hand,
dismounted. (Presumably because his horse might have panicked
if the creature charged, spoiling his shot.)
The figure had walked away from
them to a distance of about 120 feet before Patterson began
to run after it. The resulting film (about 53 seconds long)
is initially quite shaky until Patterson gets about 80 feet
from the figure. At that point the figure glanced over its right
shoulder at the men and Patterson fell to his knees; on Krantz's
map this corresponds to frame 264 (Perez, 12). To researcher
John Green, Patterson would later characterize the creature’s
expression as one of “contempt and disgust ... you know
how it is when the umpire tells you ‘one more word and
you’re out of the game.’ That’s the way it
Now the steady middle portion
of the film begins, containing the famous frame 352,(see above
at the very top for picture of frame). Patterson said "it
turned a total of I think three times" (Wasson, 69), the
first time therefore being before the filming began. Shortly
after glancing over its shoulder, the creature walks behind
a grove of trees, reappears for awhile after Patterson moved
ten feet to a better vantage point, then fades into the trees
again and is lost to view as the reel of film ran out. Gimlin
remounted and followed it on horseback, keeping his distance,
until it disappeared around a bend in the road three hundred
yards away. Patterson called him back at that point, feeling
vulnerable on foot without a rifle, because he feared the creature's
mate might approach.
Next, Gimlin rounded up Patterson's
horses, which had run off before the filming began, and “the
men then tracked it for three miles, but lost it in the heavy
undergrowth” (Coleman and Clark, 198). They returned to
the initial site, measured the creature’s stride, made
two plaster casts (of the best-quality right and left prints),
and covered the other prints to protect them. The entire encounter
had lasted less than two minutes.
A few hours after the encounter,
Patterson telephoned Donald Abbott, whom Krantz decribed as
“the only scientist of any stature to have demonstrated
any serious interest in the (Bigfoot) subject,” hoping
he would help them search for the creature (possibly with tracking
dogs). Abbott declined, and Krantz argued this call to authorities
the same day of the encounter is evidence against a hoax, at
least on Patterson’s part.
Forestry worker Lyle Loverty
happened upon the site a day later and photographed the tracks.
Taxidermist and outdoorsman Robert Titmus went to the site with
his brother-in-law nine days later. Titmus made casts of the
creature’s prints and, as best he could, plotted Patterson’s
and the creature’s movements on a map.
Patterson initially estimated
its height at six and one-half to seven feet (Patterson &
Murphy, 195), and later raised his estimate to about seven and
one-half feet. (Some later analyses, anthropologist Grover Krantz’s
among them, have suggested Patterson’s later estimate
was about a foot too tall.) The film shows a large, hairy bipedal
apelike figure with short black hair covering most of its body,
including the figure's prominent breasts. The figure's head
is somewhat pointed; some have argued this feature is a sagittal
crest, a type of ridge also found on gorillas. The figure depicted
in the Patterson-Gimlin film generally matches the descriptions
of Bigfoot offered by others who claim to have seen the creatures.
Frame 352 from the Patterson-Gimlin
The Patterson-Gimlin film is
a short motion picture of an unidentified subject filmed on
October 20, 1967 by Roger Patterson and Robert Gimlin who claimed
the film was a genuine recording of a Bigfoot. It has been hailed
by some as genuine evidence for such a creature but by others
to be a hoax.
The film has been subjected to
many attempts to both debunk and authenticate. Some experts
declared the film a hoax, showing a man in an ape suit. But
some, such as physical anthropologist Grover Krantz, say the
film depicts a genuine unknown creature. Others, such as ecologist
Robert Michael Pyle, refuse to endorse the film as genuine,
but Pyle also admitted that it "has never been convincingly
debunked." (Pyle, 208)
Critics say that a stabilized
enhancement of the film, released in late 2005, clearly shows
the subject in the film to have human-like rather than ape-like
movement, though it is worth noting that the creator of the
stabilized film argues just the contrary. Many
skeptics also turn to the testimony of one Bob Heironimus (see
below), who recently claimed to have been the person inside
the suit. Supporters counter that ) neither Heironimus nor anyone
else has ever found the suit that Heironimus claims to have
worn and ) Heironimus is not the only one to claim to have worn
the suit. Supporters of the film (and even some skeptics like
the Skeptical Inquirer's Michael Dennett) also state that Hieronimus'
story, described in Greg Long's 2004 book The Making of Bigfoot,
relies too heavily upon often-contradictory anecdotal evidence
to provide conclusive proof that the film was faked.
Patterson died in 1972 of cancer.
Gimlin is alive and has recently begun making appearances at
Bigfoot conferences. Previously he kept out of the public eye
and had little contact with those who believe that Bigfoot is
a real entity. Both men dismissed allegations that they had
faked the film, and Patterson was firm in his insistence that
they had encountered and filmed an animal unknown to science.
Gimlin too maintains he did not falsify the film, but in a 1999
telephone interview with television producer Chris Packham,
he said that for some time, “I was totally convinced no
one could fool me. And of course I’m an older man now
... and I think there could have been the possibility [of a
hoax]. But it would have to be really well planned by Roger
[Patterson].” (Long, 166)
Although most scientists find
current evidence of Bigfoot unpersuasive, a number of prominent
experts have offered sympathetic opinions on the subject. In
a 2002 interview on National Public Radio, Jane Goodall first
publicly expressed her views on Bigfoot, by remarking, "Well,
I'm a romantic, so I always wanted them to exist. . . . Of course,
the big, the big criticism of all this is, 'Where is the body?'
You know, why isn't there a body? I can't answer that, and maybe
they don't exist, but I want them to!
The North American Science Institute was founded in Hood River,
Oregon in the late 1990s to study the Sasquatch phenomenon.
As of 2006 the group is apparently defunct, but in 1998 the
organization undertook a $75,000 study, employing computer analysis,
of the Patterson-Gimlin film. Here are some of the authenticating
details it noted:
Arm length (measured to the fingertips)
as a percent of height: The percent for the human mean is 44%;
the creature's percent is 49%, which is 5.5 standard deviations
from the human mean and is present in only .00019% of humans.
Finger and hand flexion is observed in the film, which implies
that [any arm-extending] prosthesis must support flexion.
Leg length (measured to the sole) as a percent of height: The
percent for the human mean is 53%; the creature's percent is
46%, which is present in only .1% of humans.
Foot morphology: Figure 13 shows the foot undergoing flexion,
which demonstrates that the foot is not a solid, inflexible
prosthesis. Separate toes are visible. "Key features of
the foot ... resemble the plaster cast taken by Titmus."
Face morphology: The jaw of the subject is below the shoulder
line, as in a gorilla.
Body morphology: Unlike inexpensive costumes, the subject has
non-uniform hair texture, non-uniform coloration and non-uniform
Kinematics: "The knee theta of the film subject shows a
more gradual transfer of weight rather than a [human-type] separate
phase" combined with the absence of the bobbing head typical
of human locomotion.
Moving muscle groups: Groups of muscle in motion can be seen,
in the arms, back and legs. "Also seen is a structure similar
to a knee cap, the shape of which changes like a human knee."
It concluded, "If only a single dimension of similarity
was shown in the P-G film it could be easily dismissed as a
forgery [but it] is remarkable in the simultaneous presence
of all of the dimensions listed above."
Dmitri Bayanov (1997). America's Bigfoot: Fact, Not Fiction.
Crypto-Logos. ISBN 5-900229-22-X.
Peter Byrne (1975). The Search for Bigfoot: Monster Man or Myth?.
Acropolis Books. ISBN 0-87491-159-1.
Loren Coleman (2003). Bigfoot! The True Story of Apes in America.
Paraview Pocket Books. ISBN 0-7434-6975-5.
Loren Coleman and Jerome Clark (1999). Cryptozoology A to Z.
Fireside Books. ISBN 0-684-85602-6.
David J Daegling (2004). Bigfoot Exposed: An Anthropologist
Examines America’s Enduring Legend. Altamira Press. ISBN
Don Hunter, with Rene Dahinden (1993). Sasquach/Bigfoot: The
Search for North America’s Incredible Creature. Firefly
Books. ISBN 1-895565-28-6.
Grover Krantz (1992). Big Footprints: A Scientific Inquiry Into
the Reality of Sasquatch. Johnson Books. ISBN (not available).
Greg Long (2004). The Making of Bigfoot: The Inside Story. Prometheus
Books. ISBN 1-59102-139-1.
John Napier (1973). Bigfoot: The Sasquatch and Yeti in Myth
and Reality. E.P. Dutton. ISBN 0-525-06658-6.
Roger Patterson & Chris Murphy (1966/2005). The Bigfoot
Film Controversy. Hancock House. ISBN 0-88839-581-7.
Daniel Perez (2003). Bigfoot at Bluff Creek. Bigfoot Times (his
newsletter). ISBN 99948-943-2-3.
Robert Michael Pyle (1995). Where Bigfoot Walks. Houghton Mifflin.
Barbara Wasson (1979). Sasquatch Apparitions: A Critique on
the Pacific Northwest Hominoid. self-published. ISBN 0-9614105-0-7.
Bigfoot is one of the more famous
examples of cryptozoology, a subject that tends to be dismissed
as pseudoscience by mainstream researchers, because of unreliable
eyewitness accounts and a lack of solid physical evidence. Most
theorists consider the Bigfoot legend to be a combination of
unsubstantiated folklore and hoaxes.
According to most eyewitness
accounts, Bigfoot is a large, powerfully built bipedal apelike
creature between 7 and 9 feet tall, and covered in dark brown
or dark reddish hair. The head seems to sit directly on the
shoulders, with no apparent neck. Witnesses have described large
eyes, a pronounced brow ridge, and a large, low-set forehead;
the top of the head has been described as rounded and crested,
similar to the sagittal crest of the male gorilla. It has adapted
a nickname in the Deep South over the recent years -- "Tarkington"
-- sightings are rare but local general stores in Tennessee
and Georgia are able to inform any wayfarers about the legendary
Almas - Mongolia's Bigfoot
Barmanou - Afghanistan and Pakistan
Dzonokwa - British Columbia Coast, Canada
Ebu Gogo - Flores Island, Indonesia
Fear liath - Scotland
Fouke Monster - Fouke, Arkansas. Honey
Island Swamp Monster
Hibagon - Japan's Bigfoot
Kapre - Philippines.
Momo the Monster - Missouri.
Nguoi Rung - Vietnam
Orang Pendak - Sumatra, Indonesia.
Orang Mawas - Malaysia
Sasquatch -USA AND CANADA
Skunk Ape - Florida
Windigo - Canadian Shield
Lake Minnewanka Wildman - Western Canada
Woodwose - Medieval Europe
Yeren - the Mainland China
Yeti - Tibet's Bigfoot
Yowie - Australia's Bigfoot
Bunyip - Australia
B.C. man posts
YouTube video of what could be sasquatch sighting
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